Chess and more

Chess is a game that brings great benefits to the education and personal development of children. These benefits, scientifically proven by different studies at prestigious universities, have led public authorities to include it in classrooms , especially since the recommendation of the European Parliament in 2012 to introduce it as a regulated subject in the academic curriculum. This educational aspect of chess focuses on the cognitive, social-emotional and behavioral benefits received by students who practice it.

First of all, it is convenient to clarify some taboos that are traditionally associated with this game. First, it is not a game for very intelligent people, anyone can play chess, but it does stimulate intelligence. Nor is it a slow game, for those who start to practice it, a game can last between 5 and 10 minutes (or less, if we can execute the shepherd's check). And finally, there are many modalities, such as quick games, in which we must complete a certain number of movements in a specific time.

Chess

Two people participate in the game of chess, each with 16 pieces of one color, usually black and white. It is played on a squared board with 8 rows (horizontally) and 8 columns (vertically) that form 64 squares, also called squares. They are the same size and alternate colors, which are also usually black and white.

We have 6 types of chess figures: the pawn, the rook, the knight, the bishop, the queen and the king . Each of them has its own movement, although all, except the horse, move in a straight line, horizontally, vertically or diagonally. No piece, also with the exception of the knight, can jump over the others (if there is a figure in its path, it blocks its path). Nor can they end a move on a square occupied by another piece of the same color. If, on the other hand, the square is occupied by a piece of the opponent's color, it will be captured and removed from the board.

Any piece can be captured, except the king, since the game ends on the move prior to its capture, the checkmate. To get to checkmate the king must be threatened so that he has no possible move to escape this threat.

Pawn moves

The pawn is the most numerous figure on the board and the one with the least movement capacity, next to the king. The 8 pawns are placed in the second row, just in front of the rest of the pieces, and they can only move forward (vertically) one square, or two if it is their first move. A peculiarity of this piece is that it is the only one that does not capture following his movement, but diagonally.

The pawn has two special and exclusive movements: the capture in step and the coronation or promotion. The first consists of the capture of a pawn that has advanced two squares from the original position by another of the opponent situated in a square next to it. At the coronation, the pawn is replaced by whatever piece the player chooses (usually the queen) once it reaches the opposite end of the board.

Bishop moves

This piece moves through as many squares as it can along a diagonal line that can be oriented in 4 directions if it is not blocked by other pieces. This means that the bishop is always placed on squares of the same color as that of its square at the beginning of the game. Each player begins the game with two bishops, one on a black square and one on a white one.

Tower movements

The rook can move, both horizontally and vertically, the number of squares that is desired, as long as its movement is not blocked by other pieces This figure participates, together with the king, in a special movement chess: castling . It is the only move in which we can move two pieces in a single turn.

Horse movements

The knight is a special piece, since it can jump over other figures and its movement is not linear, but in L-shape: moves two boxes horizontally or vertically and one at a right angle.

Queen's moves

This is considered the most powerful piece in the game, since it can be moved vertically, horizontally or diagonally, without limit of squares, except blocking by own pieces or of the opponent.

King's moves

The king is a piece with little mobility, it can only advance one square, although it can do so in all directions, so that it can occupy any of the free squares that are around it, as long as they are not threatened by rival pieces. The move that attacks the king with a figure is called check and the player who receives it is obliged to move his king on the next move, whenever there is a possibility.

Game go

The go is one of the oldest known strategy games, there are references in writings from the 4th century BC. It had its origin in China and soon crossed borders, establishing itself in other countries such as Korea or Japan, where it reached its maximum expansion.

Usually, it is played on a 19x19 board , although it can also be 13x13 or 9x9. Two players participate in the game, the one who plays with white has 180 chips (or stones), while the one who handles black has 181 (he will have one more because the game begins). These pieces are placed on the intersections of the grids that make up the board in turns.

The objective of the game is to take territory by surrounding it with the pieces, capturing enemy pieces by completely surrounding them with your own, but always with the objective of increasing the size of the controlled area. At the end of the game the player who dominates the largest territory will get the highest score .

Strategy games

Another of the oldest strategy games with archaeological records is backgammon , also known in Spain as real tables .

The objective of the game is for each player to release his 15 pieces before the opponent. It is played with dice, each contestant has 2, in addition to one shared with the values ​​2, 4, 8, 16, 32 and 64. The board consists of 24 elongated triangles that will be the boxes in which the chips are placed.

In addition to traditional strategy games, the table games industry offers a huge variety of games that enjoy great popularity. Among them are the Risk , a game of conquests with different scenarios; the Carcassonne , with many modalities since its appearance in 2000; or Catan , a resource management game that has won numerous industry awards.

Playing chess and other strategy games brings numerous benefits to the player, it can raise the IQ, helps prevent Alzheimer's and other neural pathologies, stimulates the ability to analyze and encourages creativity and memory.They are fun games that anyone can practice and are especially recommended by pedagogues for the education of children.

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