The anabolic steroids have been used for many years, especially by athletes and bodybuilders, to improve or tone their body.
But, there are those who habitually use these substances inappropriately, not only to improve their performance, but to change their physical appearance quickly.
That is why many people wonder if anabolic steroids are really harmful, especially if they are used excessively or improperly.
We can comment that the abuse of anabolic steroids, could cause serious damage to health (some even irreversible), as well as negative effects in the short and long term.
Hair loss, liver problems, skin changes, and infertility are just some of the side effects of taking anabolic steroids. Read on for more details on this topic.
What are anabolic steroids?
The anabolic steroids, are a group of chemical compounds that have the ability to control the anabolism of the body and for this reason they are professionally called anabolic steroids.
Unlike other drugs, its results are very powerful, but the effects of excessive use are very dangerous.
The anabolic steroids are derivatives of testosterone or male sex hormone. Therefore, they produce anabolic (stimulate the formation of muscle tissue) and androgenic (characteristic of male hormones) effects.
Is it okay to use anabolic steroids to look better?
The expected effects of anabolic steroids, are mainly the increase in muscle mass and muscle strength.
Believe it or not, many users of anabolic steroids are people not professionally involved in sports, and often do not even participate in recreational physical activities.
Therefore, the use of these steroids is mainly associated with aesthetic issues, in relation to physical appearance.
Much has been said for years about the use of this type of drug to look better, especially in men between 20 and 40 years old, who do weightlifting or some other heavy sport, and usually they misuse steroids and are unaware of its consequences.
Anabolic steroids continue to be very popular, especially among gym-goers.
But, in the case of bodybuilders, they do not consider that abusing steroids has serious long-term side effects.
In addition, it can worsen people's general health, cause alopecia, and even infertility.
Therefore, it is not correct to use this type of drug without the help of a professional in the field. On the contrary, if they are prescribed or indicated by doctors or specialists to treat diseases that cause loss of muscle mass, anorexia, or hormonal problems such as delayed puberty, they can be considered by the patient.
Remember that the continuous use of this type of steroids causes some effects that even become irreversible, including kidney problems and an increased risk of blood clots.
But still, many athletes use them inappropriately to enhance their performance or physical appearance.
How do anabolic steroids work?
If you are wondering how anabolic steroidss work, we can say that they stimulate muscle tissue to grow and increase volume in response to training (mimicking the effect of natural testosterone
But not everything is a matter of physical appearance or training. There are cases in which anabolic steroids are used to accelerate the sexual development of children who have some type of delay.
Also, these steroids are given to treat cancer that destroys bone (such as myelomas).
The same applies to alterations in the growth rate of children. Also, because anabolic steroids are mood-enhancing, they are increasingly being considered for use in terminally ill people to improve their quality of life.
anabolic steroids can be taken orally, inhaled, or by intramuscular injection. Various dosage regimens are used, but none of them reduce the risk of negative health consequences after taking these types of substances.
What are the problems associated with the use of anabolic steroids?
Anabolic steroids accelerate the division of cells that form specific tissues in animals and humans.
The most visible effect of steroids is to stimulate the growth of muscle mass, strength and endurance.
The natural anabolic steroid is testosterone, the male sex hormone. But giving it for no reason has some undesirable effects.
A severe hormonal imbalance in the body is dangerous, although it is sometimes difficult to notice. But, over time, it will result in malfunctioning of the body's organs and changes in outward appearance.
However, some characteristics of the use of anabolics can be considered desirable, such as the effect on the growth of muscle mass.
Although these steroids are harmful in both men and women, we can say that in men they cause an increase in sexual desire, followed by a decrease in the amount of testosterone produced naturally.
On the other hand, one of the negative effects is the contraction of the testicles and consequently infertility can originate.
In women, the use of anabolics can result in a permanent lowering of the voice, and irregular menstruation.
In addition, there may be clitoral enlargement, excess body and facial hair, skin changes, and alopecia on the top of the head.
Men will also have more hair, but usually on the torso and back. Therefore, these anabolics do not stimulate hair growth on the head.
Additionally, in both sexes, high doses of these anabolics cause gynecomastia or enlargement of the mammary glands.
Also, the use of anabolics has a negative effect on the psyche, since people who take this type of drug develop mood swings, aggression, irritation, euphoria and severe depression, which sometimes ends with suicide attempts.
Other negative effects of anabolic steroids
acne is another undesirable effect that often appears all over the body, leaving permanent scars.
Painful muscle spasms and swelling due to water retention in the body, are also common.
The consequence of the use of anabolics by adolescents may be the inhibition of body growth, caused by the premature closure of the epiphyses of long bones.
Also, if people who are not fully physically take anabolics, they can be expected to be 20-30% smaller than their peers.
On the other hand, prolonged use of anabolic steroids, causes a variety of adverse side effects throughout the body
Some are physically visible and unattractive like acne, male breast development, and some could be life threatening.
Also, there may be negative effects on the cardiovascular, hormonal, musculoskeletal, cardiovascular, liver, and other systems.
Other consequences of prolonged use of anabolic steroids, range from increased blood pressure, increased LDL cholesterol and decreased HDL, myocardial infarction.
Anabolic steroids also alter lipid metabolism, increasing the risk of a cardiovascular event.
On the other hand, they have hepatotoxic effects, and can have a negative effect on kidney function.
Women who take anabolic steroids, often suffer from menstrual disorders, male-type hair appearance.
In men, on the other hand, anabolic steroids shrink the testicles and produce impaired spermatogenesis, leading to sexual impotence, and enlargement of the prostate gland, therefore, you will have an increased risk of prostate cancer.
Finally, the unfavorable effect of steroids is also seen on the functioning of the heart muscle, causing it to hypertrophy and sometimes leading to a heart attack.
Combination of anabolic steroids
Combining in this case means taking two or more different anabolic steroids. It is that many people combine several anabolic steroids, between which there may be dangerous interactions for the person's health.
It is also worth mentioning that a type of adjuvant, a substance that increases or modulates the immune response to steroids, is rarely taken.
Therefore, a high dose of anabolic steroids in the body will cause a serious hormonal imbalance.
Painful muscle spasms and swelling due to water retention in the body are also common.
The most dangerous consequences, such as stunted growth of young people, problems with the liver, prostate, sexual organs and kidneys, cannot be left out either.
Advantages of anabolic steroids
Not everything is negative when it comes to anabolic steroids. Among its advantages, we can name the following:
- They promote the growth of muscles, bones and skin.
- Users who exercise and eat a high-protein diet typically see significant increases in their muscle mass and strength.
- Increased energy and sexual desire
- Improving body image
- They serve as a treatment for some