Sherlock Holmes and science

Sherlock Holmes and Dr. Watson is the world's most famous investigative duo. Not only did Holmes have a keen analytical mind, he was also a pioneer of forensic medicine modern.

Forensic science at the crime scene

The science forensics is a science modern. Gross, a professor at the University of Graz, is called the father of science forensic bourgeois. In 1893 he published his two-volume work entitled Guide for Judicial Investigators .

The name you proposed for the new science -" Criminalistics"- received general recognition. Almost simultaneously with the appearance of the fundamental work of Hans Gross, Sherlock Holmes began his triumphal march around the world as a super detective.

In his fight against crime and superstition, the novel's hero constantly relies on the latest scientific discoveries of the late 19th century.

Meticulous analysis of the crime scene, careful autopsy of the victim, accurate recording of all the accompanying circumstances, such as fingerprints, smoke trails and poison residue.

With his methodical approach, the fictional master detective became a pioneer of forensic science , whose stars of contemporary television flash across the screen every night these days.

The author cleverly uses the well-known adventures of Sherlock Holmes as a starting point to explain step by step how modern forensic medicine learned to work.

Historically founded, it spans the arc from the superstitious depths of pre-scientific criminology - and its often fatal misjudgments - to crimes of the recent past like the Simpson murder.

The fact that the book is sprinkled with real case studies makes it an gripping and hair-raising piece of reading material for all you crime fanatics who want to know more about the scientific side of criminal hunting.

Sherlock Holmes the scientist

Anyone who has read stories about him knows that Sherlock Holmes lived in London on Baker Street. On this street, in one of the restaurants, his museum is installed: here you can see the famous pipe, magnifying glass and other personal belongings of Holmes.

So was there really a great detective for whom there were no secrets? Conan Doyle, who described his adventures, often spoke of him as a living person.

Actually, Sherlock Holmes has never been to the world. The prototype for him was a friend of writer Dr. Joseph Bell. Legends told about the extraordinary observation of him. So the real Sherlock Holmes was not a detective, but a doctor.

And police novels, good or bad, are not distinguished by forensic scientific information that they contain, but because of their logic, because they lead the reader through a fascinating enigma

They present the reader with a logical way of thinking. But if the writers weren't looking for a connection between science forensic and literature, scientists forensic s they were happy about it.

The work of Hans Gross is always characterized by a dry precision. He wrote in the moderate scientific style of his day. Gross departed from this only in one place: when explaining the secrets of the investigation.

Scientists forensics have long remembered the teachings of Hans Gross: everything that is associated with the methods of solving a crime is a secret.

In fact, in a society where organized crime exists, investigative methods, even the most insignificant investigative secrets, can easily reach the culprit and complicate the investigation.

The science in Sherlock Holmes is visible today

Sherlock Holmes, the rational scientific private investigator. Doyle not only presents the background of the Holmes cases, but also presents the beginnings of forensic medicine .

Today, images of super detectives and super commissioners are featured in large numbers in mass production, such as popular detective novels and television series.

On their own they investigate the most intricate crimes thanks to the cold-blooded work of their super-perfect mental apparatus, achieving a colossal success that everyone envies.

Sherlock Holmes is not just a classic, with its rational and scientific methods it is the ancestor of the forensic series and forensic pathologists that are so popular today (CSI, The Last Witness, Crossing Jordan).

So it's only fitting that we take a closer look at the story of Sherlock Holmes along with the beginnings of forensic science.

The author describes the superstitions criminologists had to deal with in the 19th century and what tricks they used to find the villains. Elementary if you are interested in science forensics, its history and probably the most famous detectives of all time.

Sherlock Holmes: Instructive Forensic Books

How to retell the history of science forensic in such a way that it is interesting, understandable and captivating for the widest circle of readers?

The recipe of the historian and British science fiction writer Stuart Ross is simple: take the world's most famous detective, compile a guide to high-profile cases, and explain how his methods have influenced modern detective technology.

And it's good that this detective is a figment of the imagination of English writer Conan Doyle.The Baker Street Detective immerses you in Victorian criminal cases, provides an overview of the scientific and technological advances of that era, and invites readers to practice their own deductive skills

The detective literature has inspired scientists forensicbeen practicing investigators on more than one occasion. Not surprisingly, in 2002 the Royal Society of Chemistry accepted Sherlock Holmes as an honorary member for his achievements in the field of forensic medicine and analytical chemistry.

Modern forensic science owes much to Sherlock Holmes

As we mentioned earlier lthe founders of forensic science, Hans Gross and Edmond Locar , "borrowed" the methods of Sherlock Holmes and his lesser-known colleague, Dr. Watson, to develop the foundations of science forensic modern.

The fictional characters in the person of Sherlock Holmes and Dr. Watson have significantly influenced the way science forensics today.

It is amazing how both writers were able to "construct" in their imagination all the details that make up modern science, research methods of crime, although the possibility is not excluded that Conan Doyle and Freeman may have been familiar with the early work of Gross and Locar.

This conclusion is reached by comparing the originals and translated copies of Gross and Locar's writings with the texts of the stories about Sherlock Holmes and Dr. Watson.

The "parents" of the forensics paid special attention to the same crime scene details that attracted and interested detectives in Doyle and Freeman's books.

In particular, real and fictional detectives insisted on a careful study of the crime scene, tracing all relationships, even the most insignificant, and a scientific approach to analyzing the evidence.

In addition, in the works of scientists there are also direct references to the heroes of the stories; such coincidence is not accidental and cannot be considered the "freedom" of the translator.

In addition to this, Locar, in his textbook, repeatedly encouraged students to read Conan Doyle's stories and "absorb the lessons of Sherlock Holmes". These facts allow fictional detectives and their real counterparts to be classified as the fathers of forensic science.

What kind of forensic expert would Sherlock Holmes be today?

The literary detective appears in 56 stories and 4 novels, so readers know about 60 cases that he solved. What evidence did the detective "work" with most often? What kind of expert would he be today?

In his books, Holmes claims that strict adherence to scientific methods, a special focus on logic, attention and deduction, help him solve crimes.

He has a thorough knowledge of chemistry and anatomy, botany (in the field of poisons and toxic substances), as well as English law and a criminal record< /p>

However, after analyzing all the evidence the detective dealt with, it can be found that modern day Sherlock Holmes could be called more of an expert linguist.

he unraveled 29 cases by investigating newspaper articles and advertisements (i.e. print text) and 9 cases by studying handwritten text.

It is not surprising that Holmes, in a conversation with Watson (in the second chapter of the novel Valley of Horror), state that "any knowledge is useful to a detective", and towards the end of the "Lion's Mane" story, he describes himself as "an unreadable reader with an incredibly tenacious memory for details".

The story "The Devil's Foot" speaks directly to Holmes' passion for historical linguistics . Holmes can also be considered a cryptanalyst. He worked with ciphers in 5 cases.

The detective told Watson: "I am very familiar with all types of encryption, I also wrote an article in which I analyzed 160 ciphers." He deciphers one of the figures with the help of frequency analysis in the story "Dancing Men".

Holmes has a thoroughly expert approach to investigation: he examines the evidence from a scientific and substantive point of view.

Like a modern forensic, he studies the traces left by a vehicle (in 21 cases, for example, "Crimson Study", "Priory College", "The Hound of the Baskervilles", "The Boscombe Valley Mystery"), as well as cigarette butts and debris of ash (in 7 cases, for example, "The Internal Patient").

He resorts to ballistics expertise and examines the remains of gunpowder ("The Squires of Reigate") and bullets ("The Uninhabited House"), and of course, he resorts to taking fingerprints ( "The Builder of Norwood").

Summing up the above, one can only echo Dr. Watson, who considered Sherlock Holmes a brilliant detective who would also be a genius, mainly because of his versatility.

An expert linguist with extensive knowledge in the field of fingerprinting, the forensic exam , traceology and encryption; such an expert would be very useful in our time.< /p>

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