Saturn, the "ringed planet"

At 930,501,579 million kilometers from the sun is Saturn, the 6th planet of the solar system in relation to its distance from the sun. Saturn is the second largest planet after Jupiter. It has a radius of 58,232 kilometers, 36,183 miles, which is about 9.5 times the size of Earth, and a surface area 83 times larger.

Saturn is often said to be the most impressive planet in the solar system. Despite its similarities to other planets in the solar system, Saturn has some beautiful rings that border its equatorial zone. Those that are made up of countless ice and rock particles that orbit independently. In total there are seven rings and several gaps and divisions between them.

Saturn isn't the only planet to have rings, made of chunks of ice and rock. However, none are as spectacular or complicated as Saturn's.

The taste for this planet could be more focused on a subjective issue. However, the additional appeal it manages to lend to observers is undeniable.

Saturn is one of the 5 planets that are visible from the earth. But to be able to appreciate the rings it is essential to use a telescope.

Do you know the meaning of his name? Saturn is the name of the Roman God of agriculture and wealth, who was the father of Jupiter. It is a name that has been given to it since ancient times, although it is not known specifically who discovered this planet.

Saturn, like Jupiter, is a planet with many moons, there are at least 82 identified and recognized moons.

A year on Saturn is approximately 29.5 Earth years, while a day on this planet takes about 10 Earth hours.

The first documented observation of Saturn was made in 1610 by Galileo Galilei. Which is another merit to add to the first version of the telescope.

The color of this originally reddish planet. Despite this, it is observed with an ocher and golden tone, which is due to a layer of ammonia that comes into contact with the ultra violet of the sun. In general, this planet has many different shades between yellow, brown and gray.

The composition of the atmosphere on Saturn is mainly Hydrogen 93% and Helium>5%. To a lesser extent Methane0.2%, Water vapor gas0.1%, Ammonia0.01%, Ethane0.0005% and Phosphine0.0001%.

One of the most amazing features of this planet is that its average density is less than water, specifically -687 kg/m³. To explain simply what this means, this means that if there were a liquid surface colossal enough to encompass this planet, it could float on it.

Some of the phenomena that occur on this planet are visible from Earth. As is the phenomenon known as white spots. These phenomena are periodic storms that are present on Saturn and are usually large enough to be seen from Earth.

It has been shown that this planet is a gas giant that does not have a solid surface like Earth's. However, it might have a solid core somewhere in there. Although the conditions of Saturn are not appropriate for the development of life, it is likely that some of its moons have the necessary conditions for this purpose. That is why its moons generate great interest and scientific value within the explorations of this planet.

Missions and explorations to the planet of the rings.

Saturn is one of the most distant planets from Earth.That is why missions to explore this planet have focused on sending unmanned probes

  • The first mission was launched in 1979 with the Pioneer 11 spacecraft. This mission performed an orbital flyby of the planet and its moons. Through this mission some images were obtained (although not with the expected resolution) of the planet and some of its moons
  • After this, in the year 1980, the Voyager 1 spacecraft flew over. This mission also made an orbital flyby of the planet and its moons. Thanks to this mission, the first high-resolution images of the planet, its rings and satellites were obtained. In addition to the surface characteristics with which several of its moons were seen for the first time.
  • Cassini – Huygens were in charge of the next mission sent to Saturn. This ship participated in the missions, 2004 - 2017 orbiterSaturn and moons, and 2005 landertitan, Saturn and moons. The Cassini-Huygens spacecraft, launched in 1997, was in orbit from 2004 to 2017, Cassini orbited Saturn 294 times from 2004 to 2017.
  • Dragonfly, Glider landed. Dragonfly, is a planned NASA spacecraft, which will send a robotic rover to Titan, the largest moon of Saturn . In order to study the prebiotic chemistry and extraterrestrial habitability in several places where vertical takeoff and landing will be carried out, this mission is scheduled for December 2034

Some of the first close-up images of Saturn came to Earth from the Cassini spacecraft that launched in October 1997 and arrived in 2004.

Cassini, was the mission through which the understanding and knowledge of this planet would begin to take shape. Since through it details of the wonders of Saturn were revealed. Which are governed by furious storms and delicate harmonies of gravity.

For its part, the Hubble Space Telescope, as it has done with the rest of the planets, has played a fundamental role discovering new details from its position in Earth's orbit.

It is a huge planet, which awaits hundreds of mysteries to discover, and which the scientific community is thirsty to explore and learn about.

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