What is the difference between science and technology?

An interesting question that we ask ourselves today is, if science and technology are the same, because in this article we are going to tell you what is the difference between Science and Technology and you will learn how to differentiate them.

What is the difference between science and technology?

First of all you should know that science is one that includes a wide variety of disciplines with which it is possible to achieve rational knowledge of the natural phenomena that are around us, they act in a systematic and objective way, can be verified and improved.

On the other hand, technology is a process, a method or instrument that will serve as a means to achieve the solution of a specific problem. The most radical difference between the two is that science studies natural phenomena and technology uses natural phenomena.

In addition, both disciplines have a symbiotic relationship in common, and that is that they have a benefit between them. Science should not be confused with technology, the first one uses the scientific method to investigate, and technology is one of the methods, processes or equipment that can be used in these investigations.

Examples of science can be found in the investigations carried out with mathematics, physics, biology and chemistry. Examples of technology are advances in metallurgy, magnetic levitation, vaccinations, etc.

But technology goes further, since it starts from the media or natural phenomena and makes them available to us to help us solve problems.

In turn, technology is older than science, since in prehistoric times men already used bows and arrows to hunt, that is, they were already using a type of technology to feed themselves. Physical laws were discovered centuries later to explain energy phenomena.

Science in these terms is younger than technology, today it is believed that technology refers to the advancement of computers, electronic or biomedical equipment. But it is not like that, the technology has been used since ancient times.

Since man learned to use fire he began to use technological instruments, instead the laws of science or scientific principles began to be described in the Middle Ages.

Other differences that we can find

Between both disciplines we can find other differences that are very important to determine what each one corresponds to, among them we have the following:

Differences in the product:

Science seeks to obtain new knowledge, while technology seeks to obtain new inventions and better products. In other words, the first seeks to know and the second to modify.

Science seeks to obtain knowledge about nature regardless of whether it will be applied or not in some way. Technology, on the other hand, seeks to improve itself using natural processes, in this aspect the use of technology only serves to provide knowledge about itself.

Differences in strategies:

Science uses the Scientific Method as a strategy and technology is based on design. In the technological world, engineering supports are used, that is why we work through designs.

Instead, science must begin with theories and theoretical models, which are based on relationships of ideas that are sometimes not expressed in mathematical functions.

Differences in natural phenomena:

Science studies natural phenomena, discovers them and gives them an explanation; on the other hand, technology uses the same and takes advantage of them.

Differences in knowledge:

science creates new knowledge with its investigations, technology applies this knowledge found to make new inventions

Difference in the use of key verbs:

Science uses the verbs of knowing and discovering, technology uses the verbs of doing and inventing.

Differences in their effects:

Science seeks to achieve positive effects, while technology is indifferent if the effects are positive or negative. This tells us that technology can be tested in an easy way, technological development seeks to fulfill a specific purpose.

This purpose may be in accordance with specific needs, an example of this is the development of cars that can reach a certain speed and consume less fuel, and this could or could not be achieved.

Science is ambiguous in that it does not know if a scientific project that is being carried out has fulfilled what was expected, that is why science does not know if it can fulfill that objective simply because it cannot give definitive affirmations until the investigations are finished.

Differences in your examples:

Science is based on mathematical, physical, biological and chemical investigations, technology is based on GPS systems, magnetic levitation, solar panels, printing, computers, programming, etc.

Technology seeks to find efficiency, while science does not. Science seeks to go beyond how to make efficient use of resources, technology, if something does not have a practical advantage, it will be displaced by another object that does.

When new technologies are developed or created, society sees the effort of the many scientific investigations that have been carried out, which is why investment in both is essential to achieve the development of countries.

In many professional ways, science and technology can work together because they both use scientific inquiry to find new routes to effectiveness. Science can propose new theories and have technological options that make it translate these ideas into a real world.

Although the existence of technology is much older than science, technology is subordinate to science since it must generate new knowledge that makes the alternatives of making new technologies more reliable.

It is thanks to the scientific revolution that we can look back to make or create new tools that improve the quality of life of human beings.


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