Most people associate French culture with Paris, which is a center of fashion, cuisine, art and architecture, but life outside the City de las Luces, is very different and varies according to the region.
France not only has culture; the word "culture" actually comes from France. This term derives from the same French term which, in turn, derives from the Latin colere, which means caring for the land and growing, cultivating and nourishing itself.
Historically, French culture was influenced by the Celtic and Gallo-Roman cultures, as well as the Franks, a Germanic tribe. After that, the Rhineland became known as the western part that France defined. He then referred to a territory known as Gaul during the Iron Age and Roman era.
Eiffel Tower emblematic drawing of this great country, is one of the most visited architectures in France either for its love story or for its beautiful structure, but this one is an unmissable stop for those who visit France.
Official language of France
French is the official language and the first language of 88 percent of the population of this beautiful country. It is the dominant language of 70 million residents, but there are a number of variants based on region. French is the second most learned foreign language in the world, with almost 120 million students, according to the French Ministry of Foreign Affairs and International Development.
About 3 percent of the population speak German dialects and there is a small group of Flemish speakers in the northeast. Arabic is the third largest minority language. People living near the Italian border may speak Italian as a second language, and Basque is spoken by people living along the Franco-Spanish border.
Languages other than French that predominate in France include Catalan, Breton (the Celtic language), Occitan dialects, and languages of former French colonies, including Kabyle and Antillean Creole.
History of France and how the nation emerged
The rise of the modern nation took place over several centuries and was the result of a combination of the cultural influences of the Gauls, Romans and Franks. France was inhabited primarily by the Gauls, a Celtic-speaking group, when the Roman conquest of the territory began in the 1st century BC. C.
The Gallo-Roman period ended when Frankish peoples began to enter the territory from the Germanic East during the 5th century, led by Clovis.
The term "France" comes from the Franks and has had three historical meanings. He was referring to the area around Paris; the Île-de-France region, which was originally a dukedom; and the area known as the Kingdom of France, ruled by Hugh Capet and his descendants . The Treaty of Verdun in 843 established the kingdom of "West France" when the land was divided among the heirs of Charlemagne's son, Louis the Pious.
The medieval period was one of political fragmentation even as the state administrative bureaucracy grew. The Church supported the various monarchs, who claimed divine rule. After a long series of wars, France achieved political unity in the 16th century with Louis XIV.
French became the official language, replacing Latin in official documents, in 1539. The revolution of 1789 established the First Republic and abolished the monarchy. Attempts to form the First and Second Empires by Napoleon and his nephew were eventually pushed back by the Third Republic (1870-1940).
This period implied a greater sense of national identity, with a return to the republican values of the revolution. It was also a period of greater colonial expansion in Africa and Asia.
During World War II, with the German occupation and the Vichy regime under Pétain, there was a crisis of national identity and a movement towards rejection of the ideals of the revolution. A Fourth Republic was reconstituted after liberation at the end of the war, and this led to the current Fifth Republic, whose first president was Charles de Gaulle, elected in 1958.
France experienced a period of economic prosperity after World War II, known as the "glorious thirty years". It was also a time of rural exodus, expanded urbanization, and significant socio-cultural change. The events of May 1968 marked a crisis in national identity as workers and students agitated for a more open and egalitarian society.
The national identity of France
National identity is connected to notions of citizenship, which were established during the revolution. The original criteria included factors such as gender, place of birth, age, and amount of property.
Citizenship currently depends on proof of paternity and residency. National identity is based on several factors, including a concept of shared ancestry stemming from the Gallic and Frankish past and territorial roots in the countryside, a shared national language and culture, and the ideals of the revolution.
It has also been shaped by religious conflicts between Catholics, Protestants and Jews and by religious versus secular influences in government, especially in the realm of education. The current national identity is mainly an invention of the Third Republic and has been shaken by various events in recent history.
Linguistic unity was achieved less than a century ago, and regional languages and cultural practices persist. The growth of the European Union (EU) and the influx of immigrants will eventually lead to a revised view of what it means to be French.
An important element of national identity is the identity card. Every person on French territory must carry a card or document proving citizenship or other legal status, such as an EU visa or passport. The police have the right to stop anyone at any time to demand to see these documents.
The ethnic relations of France
France is multi-ethnic, there are two main types of ethnic group identity: that which is associated with territorial groups claiming an identity separate from the dominant French identity, and that which is associated with immigrants, such as North Africans .
When political autonomy became an important movement, there were quarrels between the centralized groups, both regional and state,which were represented by the Corsicans, the Bretons and the Basques, increased to end of the 20th century. Corsica has earned the right to limited administrative autonomy.
Importance of food and drink in France
Many people believe that seeing the Eiffel Tower drawing that many artists represent, is all you can enjoy in France and it is not. Gastronomy and wines are one of the strengths of this beautiful country.
Many have suggested that French food is the best cuisine in the world.All the best-known dishes of this country have received Michelin stars, the country's culinary culture is profound
As one of the largest countries in Europe, France has several regions. As such, the country's cuisine differs depending on where you travel to. Cheese is a staple in many French diets, and each region of the country has its own specialty.
Among the most popular dishes are:
This is a smooth and creamy soup based on the strained broth of shellfish. These crustaceans can be lobster, crab, shrimp or crayfish.
This dish is a traditional family meal. It is a beef stew cooked with various vegetables, as well as oxtail meat and marrow.
Coq au vin
This chicken-based dish is made with wine, butter, mushrooms, and sometimes garlic. As this dish comes from the Burgundy region, that is traditionally the wine used.
This traditional Provencal fish stew from Marseille contains at least three different types of fish or shellfish.
Bread is an important part of French cooking and this long, thin loaf of crusty bread, in particular, is a staple of French meals. It is also used to make sandwiches.
A favorite dessert, macaroons are meringue-based confections made with egg whites, icing sugar, almond powder, and food coloring.
Wine is an important part of French culture and cuisine. One of the largest wine producers in the world, it is made throughout the country. It is the source of many different grape varieties (Cabernet Sauvignon, Chardonnay, Pinot noir and more) that are now planted in other countries. France's most famous wines include those from Bordeaux, Burgundy, Rhône, and Beaujolais. The beers are also popular in France with local beers including Kronenberg and 1664.
Places that people like to visit the most when they are in France
As we mentioned before, France is full of beautiful places that you can visit. You won't have enough weeks to see all the beauty that France has to offer, but even if you enjoy the Eiffel Tower drawing made by the best artists, you will find that there are more places and events to see.
The Eiffel Tower
The Eiffel Tower tops the list because this monument is super famous. Nobody visits France without stopping to admire the Eiffel Tower. In fact, many tourists come to the capital, Paris, just to take photos with the monument or to enjoy the Eifel Tower drawing that many artists are able to stamp on a beautiful work of art.
It is an icon, it is a milestone, it is a symbol of France. Built in 1887, the Eiffel Tower is 324 meters (1,063 feet) tall and is the tallest building in Paris. Head up to its observation deck for the most fantastic views of Paris.
It is located on the right bank of the Seine, the largest art museum in the world and one of the most popular historical monuments called The Louvre. Also known as the Louvre Museum, the museum exhibits some of the best collections of art from around the world, which are divided into eight areas. The most notable masterpieces in this museum include the Wines of Milo and the Mona Lisa.
Tour de France
Among all the sporting events that attract attention in France, the Tour de France is one of the most important to date.That bicycle race called the Tour de France which is held annually and takes place mainly in France. The race lasts 21 days and covers approximately 3,500 kilometers (2,200 miles) of routes.
The French Riviera
Beach and nature lovers, you won't want to miss the French Riviera. The southeast coast is paradise on Earth, as it boasts the most splendid beaches that cannot be found anywhere else in the world. You will really be surprised how the coastal villages and towns are, which are next to each other. In addition, you can enjoy the views that are presented to you at any time of the day. The French Riviera offers nothing but pure beauty and pure charm.
Mont Blanc, also known by its English name White Mountain, is the highest mountain range in the Alps. Courmayeur in Italy, Saint-Gervais-les-Bains in France and Chamonix, can be clearly seen from this mountain, which shows you the most beautiful landscapes of each of them.
Some outdoor activities you can do include mountain climbing or mountain skiing. It takes about two days to reach the top of the mountain. However, for a truly memorable experience, it's best to ski or snowboard.
As you can see, there is much more than the Eiffel Tower drawing made by many artists worldwide. You can visit many spaces, museums, restaurants, emblematic and natural places that will leave you with desire to visit France in each of your holidays..