The life of Marie Curie

Marie Curie or Madame Curie as many in the world call her is one of the women who received the most recognition during her life. It could be said that she is one of the few people awarded with two consecutive Nobel Prizes.

She had a life full of successes at a scientific level and that is why today we will talk about her life and her most important discoveries.

Where Marie Curie was born

Marie Curie is originally from Poland, she was born on November 7, 1867 under the name of Maria Salomea Sklodowska. Her father was a distinguished professor of physics and mathematics, from whom her interest in science was surely born.

Her mother was a teacher and she was the youngest of the 5 children of Wladyslaw Sklodowska and Bronislawa Boguska. Although she had a very limited childhood, none of this prevented her from being interested in learning new things. She wanted to go to university, but she was rejected because she was a woman, so she had to continue her studies at a clandestine university.

On the other hand, she was a governess to be able to pay for her studies. But in 1891 she had the opportunity to go to France and thus complete her academic preparation.

What Marie Curie discovered

After her long trip to France, in 1893 she graduated in Physics, achieving first place in her class. Years later, she meets Pierre Curie who would become her husband.

On the other hand, she became interested in the discoveries of Henri Becquerel and Wilhelm Röntgen and hence her interest in radioactive science. At this point, her husband decided to leave his experiments to focus on Marie Curie's research.

This union led Pierre and Marie Curie to discover radium and polonium, accepted by the scientific world in 1903. In addition, in that same year she obtained a doctorate and was awarded the first Nobel Prize in Physics.

According to the continuity of time, by 1906, the year Pierre Curie died, Marie became the first woman to hold a professorship at the Sorbonne University. Something never seen for the time.

For Marie Curie rest never existed. Her hard work led her to the greatest discovery of the moment and in contemporary history. She began to use radiotherapy in the treatment of cancer and this was what led her to win the Nobel Prize for the second time, but now in chemistry.

Marie Curie Awards

The last years of Marie Curie were full of international recognition due to her incredible advances. However, we cannot fail to mention those who paved the way for her success.

The first of them was the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1903, that same year he received the Davy Medal and in 1904 the Matteucci Medal. Then, a few years later, he received the Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1911 to finish in 1921 with the Willard Gibbs Award.

In addition, in 1922 the Red Cross and the French National Academy of Medicine awarded her other recognitions for her work during World War I, since thanks to her and her inventions hundreds of her soldiers were saved .

Her life was interrupted on July 4, 1934 due to high levels of radiation in her body. At that time, the consequences that radiation exposure could have on the human body were unknown.


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