The famous Marie Curie and her valuable contribution to science

In November 1867, born in Tsardom Poland, Kingdom of Poland or Congress Poland, also known as Russian Poland, the born scientist, Maria Salomea Skłodowska-Curie. She is known in the scientific field as Marie Curie .

The life of Marie Curie

Her origin was very humble. Because her parents, the professor of physics and mathematics, Władysław Skłodowski and Bronisława Boguska, who excelled as a teacher, pianist and singer, lost all her property. In investments aimed at restoring the independence of Poland, at the time of nationalist uprisings

she was the youngest of four siblings, Zofía, Józef, Bronislawa and Helena, with whom she worked hard to get ahead. Since her country was practically violently invaded by the Russian empire, who had imposed her language and customs. Since she showed qualities and interest in science from a very young age, her father encouraged her to study it, despite the fact that women were prohibited from doing so. She thus breaking with the stereotypes of the time with the genre.

Curie, together with her sister Helena, she attended a “floating university” boarding school, where she received secret classes on science , thus beginning her training in this field. She lived in Poland until she was twenty-four years old, and in 1891, she went to live in Paris, with her sister Bronislawa Dluska. She where she finished her studies and she stood out for her relevant scientific works , for which she would later be recognized.

Marie Curie always stood out for her extraordinary intelligence, and being the most outstanding of her class. She was a polyglot, she spoke Russian, Polish, German and French.

While in Paris, Curie received a scholarship and studied at the Faculty of Mathematical and Natural Sciences of the Sorbonne University. She where she graduated in physics , being the first of her promotion. Also, she graduated in mathematics , where she stood out in the second place of the promotion.

Achievements and contribution in the scientific career of Marie Curie

Among her achievements stands out, having been the first woman to hold the position of professor at the University of Paris. Thanks to her studies and her great contribution to science , she became a reference in history and science .

This Polish scientist was granted French nationality, and she was noted for her important research in the field of radioactivity . One of them being those carried out together with her husband, the French physicist, inventor of piezoelectricity, Pierre Curie, whom she met in 1894, with whom she married in 1985. She tirelessly investigated the identification of many radioactive substances.

Her outstanding research together with her husband, led them to receive the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1903. And to discover, in 1898, two radioactive elements , polonium (in honor of Poland) and radium (for its high level of radiation). Then, in 1911 she was awarded the Nobel prize for chemistry again . This time alone, since her husband died in 1906, due to an accident in Paris.

The Nobel Prize in physics received in 1903, was for having discovered, together with her husband and the French physicist Henri Becquerel, polonium and radium . The one awarded in 1911 was due to her research on the elements of the latter radioactive , its isolation and the study of nature.

The married couple of notable scientists, demonstrated that radioactivity was a nuclear property, possessed by different atomic centers, of giving off radiation when they disintegrate voluntarily.They also verified that the chemical elements of thorium and uranium, shed these radiations

After the death of her husband, Marie Curie who was still very affected. She decided to cover the chair of physics that her husband had held since 1904, at the honorable Parisian university of the Sorbonne. She becoming the first woman to teach classes at that university.

she founded the Curie Institute in Paris and in Warsaw to treat cancer . In 1995, she created the Research Department of the Curie Institute, focused on the study of biophysics, cell biology and oncology. She was also appointed director of the Paris Radio Institute in 1914.

The descendants of Marie Curie

In 1987, the couple had their first daughter, Irène Joliot-Curie. She is a renowned French physical chemist, who obtained the Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1935, for having discovered, together with her husband Fréderic Joliot , the artificial radioactivity . Irène she died in 1956, in Paris, due to leukemia caused by overexposure to radiation.

After suffering a miscarriage, apparently due to the effects of radioactivity, she is born in 1904, the second daughter of Marie Curie , Ève Denise Julie Curie . A renowned French writer and human rights activist, she stood out for her great beauty. And for having written a biography of her mother in 1937.

It is believed that the portrait we know of Marie Curie corresponds to the biography written in the thirties by Ève Denise. Whose sales caused a stir during the interwar or interbellum period (1918 to 1939). Although harshly questioned, for not reviewing the depression suffered by her mother after the death of her husband. And the brief romance she had with the French physicist Paul Langevin . Who set a precedent with his theory of magnetism and the constitution of the Solvay Congress.

Furthermore, Ève Denise received an honorary doctorate from Mills College in California -at that time it was a private university of arts and sciences-, the Russell Sage College for Women and the University of Rochester. She had as a husband the American diplomat Henry Richardson Labouisse . To whom she was awarded a Nobel Peace Prize by UNICEF , where he stood out as executive director between 1965 and 1979.

Death of Marie Curie

Marie Curie died in Passy, ​​France, in 1934, as a result of aplastic anemia. She associated with the radiation to which she was exposed without protection during her work. Sixty-one years later, her body was buried with honors, in an important enclosure of the Pantheon in Paris. Because she is a distinguished figure of the Parisian scientific guild.

As a curious fact, all her notes, notebooks and her material in general, which she used in her research, contain radiation. Therefore, they are protected in lead containers.

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