Importance of buying microscopes for children

When our children are growing up, we must provide them with all the necessary tools for the development of their learning. A sophisticated piece of equipment, with a wide scope and with many opportunities, are the microscopes.

Although very advanced, there are microscopes for children that will help them better experience the smaller world. Also, being in a stage of curiosity, they can initiate different types of experiments with a microscope and learn much more.

In the next article, we will learn how important these tools are in the cognitive development of children. In addition, we will talk about the different types of microscopes there are, a little about their history and how they work.

What is a microscope?

The microscope is an optical equipment, with which it is possible to closely observe very small organisms. It helps the human eye to be able to capture and perceive the entire structure of these microorganisms.

Its use is more oriented to scientific research, to determine how some elements work and thus develop vaccines, fight diseases, take samples, analysis, among others. It consists of the following parts:

  • It has a stable base to support the equipment and prevent it from moving.
  • An arm that allows you to adjust the lighting, the stage, the objectives and the eyepiece to observe microorganisms.
  • It has a lighting system using a light bulb (there are models that must be used with natural light).
  • The stage is where the sample is placed.
  • In the case of objectives, they are what allow people to enlarge or minimize what is going to be seen in microscopes.
  • Finally, an eyepiece is a set of secondary lenses and serves to bring what is seen closer, through a tube that is aligned with the viewfinder.

History of microscopes

The microscope was invented in 1590 by Zacharias Janseen. However, it was not until 1665 that Robert Hooke published his work "Micrographia" with which he observed the cut of a cork and was able to see the porous material of the object.

This represents the first time that microscopes were used to see the inside of an object. In 1966, Marcello Malpighi arrived, a man of Italian origin, anatomist and biologist, who used this equipment to appreciate living cells in his research.

When the 17th century arrives, another microscope user named Anton van Leeuwenhoek, who had developed one himself. He used it to see bacteria, red blood cells, and sperm. He did everything himself, from the magnifying glasses to the final structure of the team.

Their focal lengths reached up to 275 magnification. However, he did not reveal anything about how he had done it, but on his death in 1723 all rights to his inventions passed to the Royal Society in the City of London.

With this little story, we can know how were the first microscopes to exist. Little by little they were evolving and helping to find many opportunities in the field of science and medicine.

Types of microscopes

We know that microscopes have evolved in many ways. From the invention of the first, to the most modern and technological ones such as the electronic microscopes to the version for children. However, there are many models and it is time to know the most popular:

Optical microscope

The optical microscope uses an illumination system of light sources that are pointed towards the sample. It arrives through the objective and the eyepiece until it is projected into the human eye. Although it is one of the most popular types of microscopes, it is the one with the lowest resolution. It reaches a maximum of 1500x.

Electron microscope

Its illumination is by means of electrons that impact the sample through a vacuum chamber. Although there are several models, they work the same way, capturing these scattered electrons, and the team reconstructs them to project the image. Its main advantage is that a very high magnification can be achieved compared to the rest of the microscopes.

LUV microscope

These microscopes work with ultraviolet light to illuminate the sample. To do this, the light is translated using a short wavelength compared to that of optical microscopes. Its technology allows you to observe transparent objects with higher quality.

Polarized light microscope

It is known as a petrographic microscope, and is characterized by being an optical model, but with polarized elements. To see the sample, the light travels a path in a very specific oscillatory direction. It is used to see crystalline objects such as rocks and minerals.

Fluorescence microscope

They project objects with fluorescent light and it is used to observe elements that emit their own light through a certain wavelength. It is illuminated with Zeno light or mercury vapor. They have filters that isolate the light from the sample.

Compound microscope

There are simple single lens microscopes, but this model has two lenses which is a design that most modern models have. They have several objectives in the same eyepiece to obtain quality images.

Monocular, binocular and trinocular microscope

The difference between them is the number of eyepieces they have. From one to three, the monocular being for everyday use or for amateurs. These models of microscopes for children are very popular in the market.

Binoculars are used to view the sample with two eyes simultaneously for more comfortable and accurate results. In the case of trinoculars, it allows you to use two eyepieces to see and a third to connect a device and project it on a screen.

Digital microscope

These models of microscopes work through a digital capture system that captures the sample. To do this, they are connected to a digital camera instead of using an eyepiece. Their configurations may vary according to the model, but in general they must be connected to a computer, which will transmit the images and allow them to be viewed.

They use removable memory devices where the content being photographed is stored. That is to say, it facilitates its view in other digital equipment of greater capacity. Also, it works through a USB connection. He only has two pieces of equipment, a high magnification lens and the digital camera.

Stereoscopic microscope

These microscopes allow all types of samples to be observed in three dimensions. It has two eyepieces and what is to be visualized is distributed, differently, in both eyepieces. By joining in the human eye, it creates the three-dimensional effect.

However, its magnification is lower compared to the traditional optical microscope. The stereoscopic microscope is widely used when assembling circuits or assembling clocks.

How do microscopes work?

As you already know, microscopes are used to see very small objects. To do this, they use a series of lenses that simulate a telescope, but in this case the sample is accessible only that it cannot be seen with the human eye alone.

To better understand how microscopes work, they are made up of a tube with one or more lenses. These capture and focus light to enlarge the size of the object.

That size can vary according to the capacity of the microscope. It can be from 1,000 times more to 1,500 times more. This, at least in the case of optical microscopes.

Which is the microscope for children that you should buy?

You already know what microscopes are for and how they have helped science and the world to continue advancing However, for children you should buy a model tailored to their needs and curiosities. That is why, below, I will show you what you should know before purchasing one for them:

Good optical quality

For children, the optical quality will play a fundamental role, because if they are of higher quality, they will be able to enjoy what they see more. Do not focus on a pretty design but on a high quality one to look at.

If the samples don't look right, the child may lose interest in the kit and throw it away. It is best to invest in one that has the same standards as a professional model.

Easy and convenient to use

Although there are types of microscopes difficult to use, in the case of children the best is a comfortable and simple one. Also, that they are intuitive to use so that they can manipulate it comfortably and do not lose interest in the equipment.

It is best to buy a model according to their age, if there are any and they are perfectly designed for their understanding abilities. The smallest should have a simple model, while the largest and most interested, a more professional one. That yes, without losing the objective that is to learn while playing.

Number of accessories

What accessories can a microscope for children include? Actually, the model you buy should include samples and some extra lab items. Like a white coat, some containers, tweezers, safety glasses, among others.

But this may vary depending on the manufacturer and its models. Some prefer to invest in higher quality microscopes over those with accessories.

Robust microscopes

We know that children can take care of toys if we educate them well. But what happens when there is an accident? Since they fall or get wet, they can suffer severe damage. The best thing is to know where they sell microscopes highly resistant to all kinds of demands.

Also, they must be safe and clarify that not all models are for children and even less so for their ages. There is one for everyone, with professional or basic functions, but which can be damaged if not well cared for.

Metal microscopes are highly durable and powerful, but should be used by more responsible children. If they fall on your feet or hands, they can cause injury.

The price

Just as there is a great variety of models of microscopes, the amount of prices in which they are handled are also surprising. The cheapest ones are usually basic and may not last long.

In the case of the most expensive, these will be more sophisticated and of quality. However, we evaluate the age of our son before buying him one and if he is really interested in them.

Why should you buy a microscope for children?

The microscopes have helped many experts to find scientific and medical solutions to solve problems in humanity. Most of them are passionate about the subject when they are studying, but others do it from a young age.

Giving your child immediate access to use a microscope increases her interest in science. Also, it's a great way to discover things and be able to satisfy your needs when searching for information.

Not everyone is fascinated by it, so your kids should express that interest. However, you can show him a microscope and see if he wants to dig deeper into these pieces of equipment. That is why we recommend you go for a cheap one and, if there is greater interest, buy a higher category one.

By using a microscope, your child can also develop skills to investigate or analyze.You can even support him and give him options to see under the microscope. But remember, if there is no interest, it is best to give up.

How do I know if my child wants a microscope?

To know if your child wants a microscope, you must know him, listen to him and be attentive to what he does. For example, if he likes to make drawings of microscopes he is surely expressing a desire to have one. But the best thing is to investigate and ask why he has done it.

Also, if you see that his behavior is very analytical, observant and likes to investigate. Or what he sees on TV are programs about scientists studying all kinds of theories, so he may want a microscope.

The signals that he emits will guide you to know what he really wants. But also, you can talk to them and ask a direct question. Remember, it should be natural to want to have one of these teams so that as a parent you know which one you should buy.

For nothing in the world limit his desire to learn thinking that he will not be able or will not know how to use a microscope. Part of the idea that he wants to learn and improve his different skills and abilities. I recommend you always pay attention to what he says so as not to frustrate any dream he has.


Children may want a microscope, but it's best to find out if they really care about it. Before buying it, always look for high-quality, resistant models at the best price. Although there are different types of microscopes the ideal one for children is, and adjusted to their age.

If they want one, don't thwart their dreams and ideas of investigating the smaller world. That they know everything they see, but also what only a microscope can teach them. It is better for them to try and say no, than for them to be adults and wonder why they never had one at home when they were little.


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