History of the first telescope that was invented.

The telescope is considered one of the tools most used by astronomers and its invention represented a before and after for the history of world astronomy. Learn in the following article, everything related to the History of the first telescope that was invented.

The importance of the telescope for astronomers is no secret to anyone, being one of the main tools used by this type of professional.

Astronomers are basically in charge of studying and analyzing everything related to the world of planets, stars and other celestial bodies. For that reason, in our article we will be learning more about the history of the first telescope that was invented in the world.

The telescope has been for years one of the best and most innovative inventions created by man. Thanks to this device today we can learn about the wonderful world of the planets and their progress in time.

Who invented the telescope?

Before knowing the history of the telescope, it is important to take a brief look at its main inventor. It is believed that the person responsible for creating this wonderful device was a Dutchman named Hans Lippershey, who in the 1608s dared to let his imagination run wild until he got this innovative tool, which is used today by astronomers.

Lippershey invented the telescope while in Middelburg, the Netherlands. The initial device consisted of a tube-shaped base, equipped with lenses, through which it was possible to observe objects at long distances and pretend they were very close. Thus began the story of the first telescope ever invented. It represented a before and after for the history of astronomy.

The telescope is undoubtedly an innovation that goes far beyond technology. Lippershey's initial invention was the construction of an eyeglass that combines a convex lens with a concave lens. After creating the device, Lippershey sold it as a telescope to Prince Maurice of Nassau.

Lippershey's invention quickly spread throughout the European continent, mainly because at that time the device created by the Dutchman was not protected by a privilege, which is currently known as a patent. That helped many people take credit for the invention of the telescope.

Interesting facts before knowing the history of the first telescope that was invented:

  • Inventor of the telescope: Hans Lippershey
  • In what year was it invented?: 1608
  • Where was it invented?: Middelburg, the Netherlands.

History and evolution

Once Hans Lippershey invented and popularized the telescope, many authors tried to make their own creations, such was the case of the Italian Galileo Galilei, who, understanding the scientific importance of said device, proceeded to build his own version of the telescope and began using it for his astronomical research.

It is believed that the first telescopes in Italy began to appear from the decade of 1609. The Italian Galileo, began to use it that same year, that is, he barely had the knowledge of Lippershey's invention. A year later, Galileo built two telescopes in less than 24 hours. He placed two lenses, one concave and one convex, at the ends of a lead tube.

Thanks to the two telescopes built, Galileo was able to have a historical view of the satellites of Jupiter, the mountains and valleys of the Moon, sunspots, as well as a large number of stars in the galaxy.

All these discoveries, he published in a work entitled "Sidéreos Nuncios" which came to light in the year 1610. Two years later, he published Istoria e dimostrazioni intorno alie Macchie Solari. < /p>

The apparatus built by Galileo had the characteristic of being very small, although powerful enough to allow the observation of elements as far away from the Earth as the mountains and craters of the Moon.

Thanks to this Italian scientist it was possible to determine that the planet Earth was not the center of the universe, as was believed in ancient times, but that the Earth revolves, together with the other planets, around the Sun .

It is important to mention that both Lippershey's invention and Galileo's version consisted of a spare telescope, which in a certain way prevented obtaining clear images of the captured elements. With the intention of solving this inconvenience, the English astronomer Newton created a new version of the telescope that he called "Reflection Telescope".

His track record in astronomy

The Italian Galileo Galilei is considered by many to be the father of the telescope. Certainly he was not the one who invented it, but he was in charge of using it for the first time in astronomy. Let us remember that Galilei was the first scientist to guide its use to see the sky and have a better view of the universe and everything in it.

It is believed that Galileo was one of the first men to begin astronomical study, taking into account that thanks to his telescope it was possible to discover the planet Jupiter in the 1610s, thus giving rise to what today it is known as astronomy; science based on the study of the planets and the universe.

Over the years new versions of telescopes were born. One of them was carried out by Johannes Kepler, who improved the telescope created by Galileo. This new version managed to increase the visibility of the planets, but the thrown image did not look sharp, on the contrary, it was observed inverted.

Then Isaac Newton appeared with his invention of a reflecting telescope, a model that was able to solve many of the flaws presented in previous versions. Finally, the optophilic telescope emerged, a model characterized by the aperture movement, which allowed a better view of the universe to be obtained from the human eye.

Currently it is believed that the largest telescope in the world is “El Gran Telescopio Canarias”, or also known as GTC or Gratecan. It is a project of Spanish origin that consisted of the construction of the largest optical telescope in the world. He has a power of vision equal to 4 million human pupils.

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