Home experiments

For many people, a home experiment can seem trivial or, on the contrary, very common.

However, when you have children in the home, this can be one of the best opportunities for family fun.

Children are usually very curious to see how things work and in this case home experiments can be of great help.

This is reason enough for people to start teaching kids some interesting experiments and learn along the way.

In addition, many experiments are based on basic physical principles, which gives a broader level of general knowledge and can help the child develop greater creativity.

Next, we'll talk more about some home experiments. Stay with us…

Experiments with magnets

One of the experiments that can be considered one of the simplest, but with a lot of potential, is the use of magnets.

Many children are often intrigued by using magnets for the first time and moving metal objects without touching them. This can be something really interesting for many little ones.

It may even be necessary to pique your curiosity in the world of science. Also, magnets may be the closest thing to magic you can see a child in your home and this is why some experiments can be very interesting.

The important thing when doing these experiments is to have theoretical knowledge and to explain to the children what happens when the procedure is carried out.

Experiment 1: Making a magnet with two needles

magnets can transfer magnetism to some materials, and this can cause those materials to become magnets as well.

This is one of the basic properties of magnetism and can work as an experiment if you have a magnet and two sewing needles.

Only by having these tools, it will be possible to proceed to create a magnet with two needles by means of an extremely simple procedure.

It is necessary to take a needle by one of its ends and gently rub it over the magnet 30 times (it will be necessary to rub it on the same side).

This process should be done with the other needle and everything will be ready. The needles will now be magnetized and will work like a magnet.

Experiment 2: Magnet Pendulum

This experiment is usually very striking and of great learning, of course, more materials are necessary for its elaboration than the previous experiment.

Therefore, it is necessary to have the following materials:

  • Rope or thread

  • Magnetic wand

  • Ring-shaped magnet

  • Wooden blocks of about 30 cm

  • Magnets in rectangular or square shape

  • A few small rubber bands

To make this pendulum, you must follow the following steps:

  1. The first thing you should do is join two wooden blocks and between them there should be a small strip of rubber.

  2. You will also need a third plug with rubber to create a pyramid with the plugs.

  3. After this, you need to cut a approximately 20 cm piece of thread. This piece of string should be wrapped around the ring magnet.

  4. Now the additional plugs must be joined with the rubber until creating a kind of pyramid.

  5. Before putting the last peg of the pyramid on top, put the string in the middle of the pegs, this so that the ring magnet hangs on the pyramid about 4 cm from the base

  6. Below the hanging magnet, you will need to place the two rectangular magnets.

  7. After this, you just have to gently move the rectangular magnets so that the magnetism does all the work.

Experiment 3: magnet and paint

This experiment can teach several things at the same time, making the little ones of the house distracted and obtain new knowledge.

To perform this experiment you need a shoebox, a white sheet, a magnet, a clip and several paints.

It is a very simple experiment where, at the bottom of the shoe box, you will have to put the white sheet with several drops of paint.

After this, you must leave the clip next to one of the paints and with the magnet (below the box) you will move the clip to mix the paint colors.

This will not only teach your child that magnetism can pass through some objects, but also some mixing colors to obtain other types of colors.

Experiments with microscopes at home

Many children can be curious to see how things really are from a microscopic point of view. This can draw their attention to a great extent and certainly arouse all their curiosity.

If you have a microscope at home, ideally you should learn how to use it correctly before starting the experiments.

In some cases it can be problematic not knowing how to use the microscope correctly and then trying to show it to a child.

When performing experiments under the microscope, it is ideal to start with simpler objects and gradually increase their complexity.

For best results, you can use methylene dye. This highlights the cells and provides a better view of what will be seen on the device. In that case, you can start with a spider web.

Remember to have a clear nail polish handy and a clean slide, as well as the microscopeready.

Put a very thin layer of nail polish on the slide and without letting it dry completely, you should put the slide against the widest part of the web.

After this, you need to gently tug the web to remove the excess and then put it under the microscope to see all the details.

You can also do this experiment with a piece of onion, water from any source, salt and sugar, and even body cells.

To achieve this experiment with body cells, it is only necessary to pass the slide over the face or arm and then put it under the microscope.

Home experiments with plants

For many, the world around us is fascinating, and observing everything that happens in nature can be a unique and worth knowing experience.

This is why people should carry out experiments with their children at home and teach them a little about what is not known to the naked eye.

When carrying out these experiments, specific plants are always used, because they have a faster growth and thus manage to offer faster results.

Some of these plants may be:

  • Peas

  • Beans

  • Mushrooms

  • Watercress

Although these experiments are generally carried out in schools, it is worthwhile for people to start at home and thus children will learn a lot from their parents

Experiment 1: Water between the leaves of the trees

An experiment that is often very interesting is to observe how water travels through the leaves of trees. This is very similar to the human body, where blood travels through veins.

For this experiment, you will need to have the following:

  • Magnifying glass

  • Various tree leaves (the bigger the better)

  • As many glass cups as tree leaves we have on hand

  • Vegetable dye (red)

The procedure is very simple, you just have to put a leaf or the stem of the leaf inside the glass of water.

In the glass of water it will be necessary to put a few drops of vegetable dye, until it is completely dyed red. The more intense the color, the easier it will be to see everything.

For this experiment you must have a little patience, since the red color can take a while to be observed in the veins of the leaves.

After approximately 3 days, you should already observe the red color passing through the veins of the leaves.

To facilitate the observation process, you can use the magnifying glass and see how the water runs through each of the leaf veins.

Experiment 2: Observing plant respiration

Since plants are living things, they also breathe. Of course, it is not as obvious as the breathing of people or animals, but it is proven that plants do.

To verify that plants breathe, it is only necessary to do an extremely simple experiment. To do this, you must have at hand:

  • One or two tree leaves as big as possible

  • A large glass container

  • A magnifying glass

  • Have warm water

The process is very easy. First, you must put the warm water in the container. As a second step, put the leaves of the trees in the container with warm water and let them rest for a few hours.

The leaf's respiration process will continue and after a few hours, the results will begin to be observed.

The upper part of the leaf will begin to have small air bubbles, which will demonstrate the respiration of the plant. For these cases, it is ideal to use the magnifying glass.

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