Digitization 2020: Technology in times of pandemic

The health crisis has significantly altered our daily lives, hasn't it? With all the changes in our daily routine, no classes, no social gatherings, no common outings, there has been a debate between learning remotely or within a classroom. Will everything be online?

The previous decade allowed the development of a multitude of digital tools that have now made it possible to remedy the consequences of the pandemic that is devastating us. The year 2020 should have been the beginning of an impressive decade in science and medicine, growth corresponding to the development and maturity of the great diversity of digital tools that can be applied to address a greater number of problems and diseases. Technologies such as the Internet of Things (IoT), telecommunication (for example, the 5G network), big data analysis and artificial intelligence to automate machine learning, have completely revolutionized our lives and progress continues to grow, although no one prepared us for this moment. So how can we tackle this problem?

When we grow up and reach university, as students, we hope to be able to use technology as part of our studies, however, there is still a lot of resistance from many teachers when it comes to implementing new learning habits technology driven. Digitization this year, caused by the need to globalize our knowledge, social contacts and economic growth, and driven by confinement and social distancing implemented by governments, has allowed the transition to be faster and more uniform, considering that the most Young people naturally want to make extensive use of digital tools instead of physical ones, and that adults are adapting to this “new normal”. By refining learning habits and experiences, teachers can help students optimize effective learning strategies.

Before confinement, the greatest educational challenge was for the pedagogical content to reach the maximum possible proportion of students, while now, in addition to this challenge, the teaching and learning processes must be mostly virtual, through digital platforms or tools that allow long-distance communication. This measure is not easy to apply because not all countries have the same economic, educational and technological capacity, nor the necessary resources for the implementation of said project for all its inhabitants. Let us consider that digital platforms allow interaction and monitoring of learning, but that the ministries of education are not operating normally and that these alternatives are not usually applied uniformly for the most vulnerable populations.

As supported by the Organization of Ibero-American States for Education, Science and Culture (OEI, 2020), one of the impacts of the coronavirus crisis on education is distance education, which, due to Contrary to what many people believe, it requires a higher degree of commitment and discipline to be self-taught, which is why learning is greater with face-to-face classes than online for lagging students. This is where Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) come into play, since they offer lagging students the opportunity to reinforce their knowledge, as well as communication with the teacher, either synchronously or asynchronously, is key. .

Therefore, we will have to migrate to digitization sooner rather than later, although it will undoubtedly be a slow transition in order to emerge victorious from this pandemic and be able to improve education.


  • Sanz, I; Gonzalez, J.S.; Chapel, A. (2020). Effects of the coronavirus crisis on education.COVID-19 Report. Organization of Ibero-American States for Education, Science and Culture (OEI).


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