Curiosities about Marie Curie

Today we want to talk to you about one of the most important women of science in all of history, the Polish woman Marie Curie. Look at these curious facts about her and realize why she is a key woman in the history of science.

Marie Curie and Poland

MariaSklodowska-Curie left her homeland when she was 24 years old. At that time, Poland was not even on the map of Europe; and when she reappeared there, Sklodowska-Curie had already won two Nobel Prizes . We decided to take a closer look at how the great Pole was influenced by her country of origin.

A magnificent student

At 17, after graduating from high school (she turned out to be the best student, although she was a year younger than her peers), Marie got a job as a governess, with a Polish family who lived outside the city. She worked during the day and studied at night to study abroad (they did not accept women at the University of Warsaw at that time). She also found time to give lessons to peasant children who, under Russian rule, could not receive a proper education.

His studies of her in Paris

In 1891, when she was 24 years old, Marie went to study in Paris . Although she spent most of her time studying, she managed to establish contact with the Poles of Paris, with whom she met from time to time to discuss "national issues" and "forget her loneliness".

However, at the end of the first year of her studies, she stopped participating in these meetings, because she said that it was necessary to concentrate on her studies, in order to graduate as quickly as possible. And that's exactly how it happened: the following year, Marie received her diplomas in mathematics and physics, becoming one of the top graduates of the course.

A few years later, in July 1895, she Marie became the wife of Pierre Curie, whom she met after graduating.

Marie Curie and Polonium: A direct political statement

In July 1896, Mary and Pierre announced the discovery of a new element, which they named polonium, after Marie's homeland. The element's name comes from the Latin name for Poland, Poland.

Considering that Poland was not even on the map of Europe at the time, this step can be considered a powerful political statement. Russia was a powerful empire, and in France, which was generally sympathetic to the Polish national movement, interest in the "Polish question" (as it was called there) after the defeat in the Franco-Prussian War of 1871, significantly faded. .

By naming the new element after her homeland, MariaSkłodowska-Curie seemed to anticipate the wide public debate that arose after receiving the Nobel Prize in 1903 . In doing so, she tried to use her fame in the scientific field to draw the attention of the world community to a purely political fact: the Poles are deprived of their own independent state. Apparently, polonium became the first "political" chemical element.


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