What were Isaac Newton's inventions?

Isaac Newton's inventions changed in a certain way the way of conceiving life, from the simplest things that were the apple and gravity, to great inventions that are still valid today. For this reason, he receives the title of the mastermind. Learn more about the inventions of this character in the following article.

What were Isaac Newton's inventions?

Isaac Newton managed to dazzle the greatest scientists in history thanks to his great discoveries. He was a great inventor and made enormous advances in the field of physics, mathematics, philosophy and theology, which gave rise to the Royal Society of the time, this was the society that brought together the main scientists in London.

His brilliant mind had the ability to master the most difficult sciences such as mathematics and calculus, the mechanics of celestial bodies and the behavior of light, making him a scientific model par excellence.

Among Newton's most notable inventions are: the orbital cannon, the laws of motion, the refraction of light, the theory of the cool state, telescopes, and he placed great emphasis on the study of alchemy, among others.

Below, we present a detailed list of his main works and best-known inventions:

Pet Doors:

Due to his great introverted character and his shyness, Newton developed a great fondness for animals, especially dogs and cats. He spent time designing this door shape with the intention of generating comfort and well-being for his pets.

Law of gravity:

This discovery, one of the largest, explains how there is an attractive force between the moon and the earth, which in turn was directly proportional to the product of the masses in action and inversely proportional to the square of the distances that separated them .

Thanks to this theory, the orbits of the planets can be understood, thus unifying terrestrial and celestial mechanics.

The matter:

For Newton, everything that is part of a body and occupies a position in space in any of its liquid, solid or gaseous states is called matter. It has properties such as mass, volume, hardness, ductility, malleability, temperature, density that make it different from one another.

Orbital Cannon:

By 1687, Newton published his first theory on the Law of Gravitation. This law was to explain how particles exert a force of gravity, influenced by mass and distance, which leads the movements of all things. In order to test this theory, he created the Orbital Cannon.

The Laws of Motion:

This great promoter of physics investigated the roots of movement, which led him to decree the three fundamental laws:


It establishes that every body remains at rest, at constant speed or in rectilinear motion until an external force is exerted on it.

Interaction and force:

This concludes that the net force that is applied to a body is proportional to the acceleration that it acquires in its trajectory.

Principle of action and reaction:

points out that every action generates an equal reaction, but in the opposite direction.

Philosopher's Stone Recipe:

Newton was also known as a great alchemist and philosopher. He wrote a book in which he explained the origin of the Philosopher's Stone. Although it was never successful and therefore never obtained positive results. Today there are those who still carry on Newton's legacy and follow his research.

The rainbow and the refraction of light:

Newton radically changed the way of seeing light and refraction (change of direction and speed that a wave experiences when passing from one medium to another) In 1704 he explained the striking colors of the rainbow stating that this is a characteristic of light, then, white light is made up of various colors.

Theory about the cooling state:

His studies and discoveries allow everything to be subjected to refrigeration today, from the simplest things to commercial, industrial, nuclear and space use. He states that a body loses heat in an amount proportional to the temperature difference between the body and the environment.

Newton Mechanics:

This theory is based on the explanations of physical phenomena that occur with speeds less than the speed of light, on a macroscopic scale. This theory is able to predict and explain the behavior of bodies under interaction with other bodies.

Application of the Scientific Method:

Unlike the method used by Descartes, which was based on metaphysical principles, Newton considered that this method should start from a rigorous and detailed study of the reality to be studied.

Likewise, he created new telescopic models that used mirrors instead of lenses. He designed a prototype of a four-wheeled chariot, the sundial, wrote books where he tried to understand the nature and work of God.

Biography of Isaac Newton

He was born on January 4, 1643, into a rigid English family. It is said that his childhood was not happy, his father died before his birth and his mother abandoned him when he was three years old. He was raised by his grandmother until he was eleven years old when his mother returned. This made him be an introverted and shy child at the same time.

he was a young man with a great intellect, at the age of twelve he created ingenious toys. At 19 he was part of the University of Cambridge, where he acquired great knowledge in the area of ​​mathematics, under the tutelage of Isaac Barrow. He was part of the chair of mathematics, called the Lucasian chair, which is occupied only by influential scientists.

Newton began following the works of Descartes, but still created his own thought, which allowed him to make great criticisms of his works through the Cartesian theory of movement and the nature of light, which happened years later late.

Newton's extraordinary mind developed great theories and inventions that are still in practice today. He died on March 31, 1727 at the age of 84 and was buried in Westminster Abbey with all the honors that could be given to the first scientist knighted by the Queen in the history of London.

The 6 keys to the story of Isaac Newton

  1. He came into contact with scientists thanks to his taste for chemistry.
  2. For fear of being criticized he did not publish many of his works, which became known after his death.
  3. He was the father and creator of the mathematical principles of natural philosophy.
  4. He Discovered the Law of Gravity.
  5. His theories of it worked to solve problems such as the exact position of the celestial bodies, becoming the astrologer of the century.
  6. Its wisdom and brilliance of his that allowed him to be elected president of the Royal Society and he was knighted by Queen Anne, in London.

You may be interested:

1) Didactic books

2) Decorative poster

3) Podcast about Isaac Newton



  • La Ciencia de Jaun

    Muchas gracias Bea por la corrección

  • Bea

    Hola!! Me ha encantado el artículo y me ha ayudado a hacer mi trabajo. Una observación, en la biografía pone que muere en 1927 donde tendría 284 años (si no me equivoco), es sólo para si quieres corregirlo para que otros lectores no se confundan. Muchas gracias.

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