Aristotle

Aristotle was the third in a trilogy of great Greek philosophers that branched out into fields neglected by his predecessors. He is considered the father of modern logic and his work laid the foundation for the modern scientific method.

He is a man who changed the way we think about reality, showing us how to understand the world just by looking at it and that you should definitely know.

The interesting life of Aristotle

Aristotle was born in 384 BC. in Stagira, along the Thracian coast of Greece and history indicates that his early life was very comfortable. Descendant of the physician Nicomachus and his wife Phaestis, who came from a wealthy family, they owned a considerable estate near the city of Chalcis in Euboea, the second largest of the Greek islands.

As a child, his father was appointed by King Amyntas III of Macedonia to be his personal doctor, enjoying good benefits that definitely influenced his quality of life.

However, both of Aristotle's parents died when he was young, so he was raised and educated by Proxenus of Atarneus, who was probably his uncle and also his doctor.

Proxenus treated Aristotle like a son, making sure he had the best possible education and in Ancient Greece, this was really very good.

When Aristotle was 17 years old, he moved to Athens and enrolled in Plato's Academy, quickly becoming the Academy's star student, despite disagreeing with Plato on many philosophical principles.

When Plato died in 347 B.C. C., his student left Athens and went to live in Mysia, where he married and had a son. Later he received a job offer that came from the royal court of Macedonia.

he was the tutor of a 13-year-old boy who would later conquer the world, the young Alexander the Great. So when his pupil ascended the throne, Aristotle returned to Athens to find that the Academy was thriving, Platonic philosophy had taken hold in Greek culture, and Aristotle founded his own school.

Aristotle's theory of being was quite radical in a world dominated by Platonic thought. According to Plato's philosophy, what we perceive as reality is simply an imperfect expression of immaterial forms. The truth exists only beyond the material world.

Aristotle's philosophy takes our approach to the other end of the spectrum, as his view is that the material world is king. The highest expression of reality is found in the universe that surrounds us, in particular people, animals and things, which he called primary substances.

Any other categories we might create, they're really there to help us talk about those individual people or items.

Contributions of Aristotle

Among the main contributions of this Ancient Greek philosopher to later cultures, we find a great variety of aspects:

  • Classification of living things.
  • Founder of Zoology.
  • Contributions in Physics.
  • Influences in the history of Psychology.
  • Advances in Meteorology.
  • Aristotelianism, a philosophical tradition that has its roots in his works in this area.
  • He left a great record of philosophical and literary works.
  • He Produced the Theory of Science and the Methodology of Scientific Research.
  • Spontaneous Generation Theory.
  • The principle of non-contradiction
  • The notions of category, substance, act and power.
  • The first motionless engine.

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