Chess for parents and children

If we talk about board games, chess is without a doubt the champion of all, thanks to its level of difficulty and the mental skills it requires to be able to carry it out.

Chess is one of the most recommended games when it comes to having fun with our little ones, all thanks to the fact that it helps significantly in the mental development of the child, awakens their logic, reasoning and power your IQ.

Benefits of chess in children

These are the most important benefits that chess generates in the little ones.

  • Stimulates the ability to analyze
  • Increase memory
  • Develop empathy
  • Helps to socialize
  • Contributes to the ability to solve problems
  • Stimulates creativity
  • Increases concentration
  • Stimulates organizational skills
  • Increases organizational capacity
  • Develop intelligence
  • Help in the process of adapting to standards and regulations

How to teach children chess?

The first thing we should avoid is imposing the activity on them, any child who feels pressured to do anything will feel rejection for what is imposed on them.

To arouse the child's curiosity in relation to the game, the best thing to do is stimulate it by sight, for this we can choose to organize games between adults and relatives around them, so that the child observes how they play and begins to feel the need to learn.

On the other hand, we must understand that the way children see games is different than that of adults. This is why we must describe in a more didactic way, what the game means. It will be easier for a child to imagine the battle of two kingdoms fighting to gain territory, take prisoners and take over the entire battlefield, which in this case is a simple board.

What is the first thing children should learn about the game of chess?

After having creatively explained what the fight that takes place on the chessboard means, we must proceed to show them the movements, but for this we must go from the simplest to the most complex .

We will start by instructing you in the correct way to move the rooks, since their movement is very simple, then we proceed to teach you the move of the bishop.

After the two easiest pieces, we need to tell them how the queen moves, then the king, and then the knight. Finally, to finish giving an explanation of the movements of the pawn, which is the most abundant piece on the board.

Although the game ends when checkmate is achieved, we should not show this fact as the central objective, since it could generate anxiety in the child, leading him to make mistakes in the games. movements for the sake of achieving this action. For this, we will have to point out that the central objective is the capture of all the members of the enemy army.

How do the chess pieces move?

With the exception of the knight, all the pieces move in a somewhat similar way, since moves in a straight line, varying the direction of its steps, some move diagonally , while others move straight sideways, forwards, and backwards.

The pawn: This is the piece with the least power of the entire battalion, however it is the one with the largest number of units.To be able to move it, it is necessary to take a single step, except for the first movement, which can be two, the direction in which it moves must be diagonal only forward

The bishop: The movements of the bishop are similar to those of the pawn, only that it is not limited to one step, since can move to where the board ends or to where it is another piece, since it cannot jump over any other piece. In each army there are two bishops.

The rook: The rook cannot jump over any piece either and its movements are unlimited until the board ends, it moves vertically and horizontally. There are also two rooks on each team.

The knight: This is the piece that differs most in terms of its movements, starting with the fact that its displacement is in the form of an “L” occupying three squares, in addition to being the only piece that is allowed to pass over other pieces.

The queen: It is without a doubt the piece with the most power, this is because its movements can be diagonal, vertical or horizontal in an unlimited way, neither I was able to jump over another piece and in order to capture the enemy it must occupy its space.

The king: As in all kingdoms, the king is the most important, however the limitation of its movements makes it one of the pieces with the greatest weakness, its displacement occurs in a way diagonally, horizontally and vertically, with the difference that you can only take one step each turn.

The game ends when the king is besieged, that is, when there is no space to move to without being in the way of one of the enemy pieces, this situation is known as checkmate.

Curiosities about chess

  • This interesting game was born in the fifteenth century in Europe, after a game known as Shatranj underwent an evolution.
  • The first official world championship was held in 1866, when Wilhelm Steinitz became champion, after defeating Adolf Anderssen.
  • There is a table to classify players at the international level, from 0 to 1400 is considered beginner, from 1400 to 1800 amateur, between 1800 and 2200 is classified as semi-professional, between 2200 and 2600 is for professional or master players and between 2600 and 2800 is called Elite Player.
  • Only 3 players worldwide have managed to exceed 2800 ranking points.
  • Originally, the bishop was represented by an elephant, in fact its name comes from the Arabic word “al fil”, which means elephant.
  • In some languages ​​the bishop is referred to as “the bishop”

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