On May 9, 1883, José Ortega y Gasset, who would be a well-known philosopher and essayist of the 20th century, was born in Madrid, Spain.

On this day (May 9), 1883, José Ortega y Gasset, who would be a well-known philosopher and essayist of the 20th century, was born in Madrid, Spain.
Doctor of Philosophy from the University of Madrid (1904) with his work The terrors of the year one thousand. Criticism of a legend. Between 1905 and 1907 he studied in Germany: Leipzig, Nuremberg, Cologne, Berlin and, above all, Marburg.

The philosophy of José Ortega y Gasset is based on human life and its realization. He founds the knowledge of human life as the radical reality, one of whose essential components is the very reason.

«I am me and my circumstance, and if I don't save her, I don't save myself»

His philosophical current is found in vitalism. This current is characterized by considering life as the center of any philosophical investigation. His thought begins being objectivist and ends with ratiovitalism, passing through perspectivism.

In reality, his current is an overcoming of vitalism and rationalism, taking aspects of both to create ratiovitalism, which considers life as the center of any investigation and in turn gives a lot of value to culture and Reason, which classical vitalism denies.

Ortega's thought is usually divided into three stages:

  • Objectivist stage (1902-1914): influenced by neo-Kantianism Germany and by phenomenology of Husserl, comes to affirm the primacy of things (and ideas) over people.
  • Perspectivist stage (1914-1923): begins with Meditations on Quixote. At this time, Ortega describes the Spanish situation in Invertebrate Spain (1921).
  • Ratio-vitalist stage (1924-1955): Ortega is considered to be entering his mature stage, with works such as The theme of our time, History as a system, Ideas and beliefs o The rebellion of the masses.
Ortega y Gasset exerted a great influence on Spanish philosophy and Ibero-American philosophy of the 20th century, not only because of the subject matter of his philosophical work, but also because of his agile literary style that allowed him to easily reach the general public .
Another of his well-known phrases is:
“In addition to teaching, teach to doubt what you have taught”
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- Hello Rafael
- Hello friend
- how are the bulls doing?
- well, we can't complain
- "I am myself and my circumstance, and if I don't save her, I don't save myself"
- what?
-"Man has no nature, he only has history"
- but what do you say?
- I don't know, they are phrases by Ortega y Gasset
- who is that?
- he is a famous philosopher
- a philosopher?
-if
- and what is a philosopher?
- well, a man who thinks a lot and says very intelligent phrases
- "There are people for everyone"
- Is that phrase also by Ortega y Gaset
- no, this sentence is mine

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