The philosophy of José Ortega y Gasset is based on human life and its realization. He founds the knowledge of human life as the radical reality, one of whose essential components is the very reason.
«I am me and my circumstance, and if I don't save her, I don't save myself»
His philosophical current is found in vitalism. This current is characterized by considering life as the center of any philosophical investigation. His thought begins being objectivist and ends with ratiovitalism, passing through perspectivism. P>
In reality, his current is an overcoming of vitalism and rationalism, taking aspects of both to create ratiovitalism, which considers life as the center of any investigation and in turn gives a lot of value to culture and Reason, which classical vitalism denies.
Ortega's thought is usually divided into three stages:
Objectivist stage (1902-1914): influenced by neo-Kantianism Germany and by phenomenology of
Husserl, comes to affirm the primacy of things (and ideas) over people.
- Perspectivist stage (1914-1923): begins with Meditations on Quixote. At this time, Ortega describes the Spanish situation in Invertebrate Spain (1921).
Ratio-vitalist stage (1924-1955): Ortega is considered to be entering his mature stage, with works such as The theme of our time, History as a system, Ideas and beliefs o The rebellion of the masses