On December 31, 1851, the first submarine cable laid between the cities of Dover (England) and Calais (France) was inaugurated in the English Channel.

On this day (December 31), 1851, the first submarine cable laid between the cities of Dover (England) and Calais (France) was inaugurated in the English Channel.

After William Cooke and Charles Wheatstone presented their working telegraph in 1839, the idea of ​​a submarine line across the Atlantic Ocean began to be seen as a possible triumph of the future. Samuel Morse proclaimed his faith in it as early as 1840, and in 1842, he dipped a wire, insulated with hemp tarred and India rubber , in the water of the port of New York , and wired through it.

In 1847 William Siemens , then an officer in the Prussian army, laid the first successful gutta-percha-insulated submarine cable, through of the Rhine between Deutz and Cologne. In 1849, Charles Vincent Walker, an electrician on the South Eastern Railway, submerged a two-mile gutta-percha-coated cable off the coast of Folkestone, which was successfully tested

John Watkins Brett was born in 1805 and was an engineer of telegraphs English known as the founder of submarine telegraphy.

he Formed Submarine Telegraph Company along with his younger brother, Jacob Brett. After a few years spent perfecting his plans, he sought and obtained permission from Louis-Philippe in 1847 to establish telegraphic communications between France and England, but the project was considered too risky for general support.

However, he succeeded in connecting the two nations briefly by submarine cable in 1850 which was promptly raised by a fisherman.

A year later another was laid, this time 4H and with iron reinforcement in 1851, and the construction of many other submarine lines followed. For this company the ships HMS Widgeon and Goliath were used.

Brett founded the English and Irish Magnetic Telegraph Company in 1850, which laid the first submarine telegraph cable to Ireland. he Was involved in the transatlantic telegraph cable project and hoped that England and the United States would be linked, but he did not live to see it accomplished.

As a curiosity to mention that Brett published a 104-page work, On the Origin and Progress of the Oceanic Telegraph, with some brief facts and opinions from the press (London, 1858), and contributed several articles on the same subject to the Institution of Civil Engineers, of which he was a member .

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- It's already laid out
- finally
- Tell the Calais to come to dinner
- I don't know if they'll be here for dinner
- you tell them if they don't get angry
- and how do I tell them?
- well "come to dinner"
- but they won't understand
- say it in your language
- I don't know
- it's not that hard
- how would you do it?
- so you put "u"'s everywhere
- let's see how it goes :"you came or super"
- not bad
- well now I'll call you on the new cable
- come on and put another round on

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