On this day (January 28), 1841, John Rowlands, better known as Henry Morton Stanley, was born in Denbigh (Wales, United Kingdom).
Henry Morton Stanley, born John Rowlands was born in the village of Denbigh , Wales on
January 28 1841 y was an adventurer, explorer and journalist famous for his expeditions to the then mysterious Central Africa , in one of which he found the missing David Livingstone.
In the 19th century, for the Western European world, not much was known about Central Africa and thanks to Henry Morton Stanley and his great expeditions, more information about Central Africa was obtained .
Henry Morton Stanley led an adventurous life. At a very young age he emigrated to the US where he was adopted by a merchant. In the American civil war he fought with the South and with the North. After the war he became a journalist interviewing outlaws and gunmen.
As a journalist, he traveled with the English troops in the conquest of Abyssinia (Ethiopia) and traveled throughout the Ottoman Empire and was a correspondent in the Carlist wars Spanish.
After all these adventures he began his stage as an adventurer and explorer in central Africa
he was first hired to find out the whereabouts of missionary David Livingstone who had not been heard of for years. He left the island of Zanzibar for the town of Ujiji (on Lake Tanganyika) in central Africa. He found Dr. Livingstone seriously ill, on November 10, 1871. It was at the moment of their meeting that he uttered the famous phrase: "Dr. Livingstone, I suppose" .
he made a great friendship with Doctor Livingstone with whom he made several expeditions around Lake Tanganyika .
Henry Morton Stanley returned to England without Dr. Livingstone. In England he was asked to search for one of the last mysteries of Central Africa; where the Congo River was born. The expedition lasted about 3 years, started by about 356 men and finished by about 114 men.
After this expedition he was hired by the king of Belgium; Leopold II. The Belgian king proposed to Stanley an expedition of a supposedly philanthropic nature with the supposed objective of bringing civilization to the center of Africa. After the expedition, the king of Belgium reclaimed the explored territory and opened one of the blackest and bloodiest chapters of European colonialism in Africa on record.
Stanley was a 19th-century adventurer and explorer who obtained much information from central Africa uncharted by Europeans.
Out of curiosity, comment on the vision that other people had of Stanley, such as the American missionary George Washington Williams;
“Stanley –wrote this eyewitness to the drama– he is not a hero, but a tyrant. His name terrifies these simple people, who remember his lies, his blows and the cruel means with which he has stolen their lands”.
- Doc Livingstone I guess?
- no, I'm the queen of the tribe
- oh! sorry!
- you don't see well, do you?
- I've had an omelette with some mushrooms that I've picked and I'm dizzy and seeing visions
- well, are you looking for Doctor Livingstone?
- yes, please
- ok, go straight to the end of the village, turn right to a forest, turn left and you will come to a lake
- and will Dr. Livingstone be there?
- I don't know, but the lake is very nice.
- well thank you queen
- nothing, precious