August 28, 1749, Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, German writer, philosopher, poet and scientist, was born.

On this day (August 28), 1749, Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, German writer, philosopher, poet and scientist, was born.

Goethe settled in Weimar in November 1775 after the success of his first novel, The sorrows of young Werther (1774). It was ennobled by the Duke of Saxony-Weimar , Karl August , in 1782. He was one of the first participants in the movement literary Sturm und Drang .

During his first ten years in Weimar, Goethe became a member of the Privy Council of the Duke , participated in the war and road commissions, oversaw the reopening of the silver mines in nearby Ilmenau and implemented a series of administrative reforms at the University of Jena.. He also contributed to the planning of the Weimar Botanical Park and the reconstruction of its Ducal Palace .

Goethe's first major scientific work, the Metamorphoses of Plants , was published after his return from a tour of Italy in 1788 .

In 1791 he was appointed managing director of the Weimar theatre , and in 1794 he became friendly with the playwright , historian y philosopher Friedrich Schiller , whose works he premiered until Schiller's death in 1805 .

During this period, Goethe published his second novel, The Apprenticeship of Wilhelm Meister ; the epic in verse Hermann and Dorothea , and, in 1808, the first part of his most famous drama, Fausto. Their conversations and various undertakings shared throughout from the 1790s with Schiller, Johann Gottlieb Fichte , Johann Gottfried Herder , Alexander von Humboldt , Wilhelm von Humboldt and August and Friedrich Schlegel have come to be referred to collectively Weimar Classicism .

The German philosopher Arthur Schopenhauer named The apprenticeship of Wilhelm Meister as one of the four greatest novels ever written, while that the American philosopher and essayist Ralph Waldo Emerson selected Goethe as one of six "representative men" in his work of the same name. (along with Plato , Emanuel Swedenborg , Montaigne , Napoleon and Shakespeare ) .

As a curiosity, comment that Goethe's comments and observations form the basis of several biographical works, in particular the Conversations with Goethe of Johann Peter Eckermann (1836)

-------------------------------------------- -------------------------------------------------- -
- how about Goethe?
- good
- how is the novel going?
- okay
- what is it about?
- The general theme is how the wealth of material knowledge nevertheless brings moral and spiritual misery.
- how interesting and deep
- can I read you a snippet?
- "two go down the street and the middle one falls"
- ...
- What do you think?
- I don't know... I'm in a daze... Is that deep?
- It's a joke to take the edge off the matter
- I think it looks terrible
- do I remove it?
- please

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