Goethe settled in Weimar in November 1775 after the success of his first novel, The sorrows of young Werther (1774). It was ennobled by the Duke of Saxony-Weimar , Karl August , in 1782. He was one of the first participants in the movement literary Sturm und Drang .
During his first ten years in Weimar, Goethe became a member of the Privy Council of the Duke
Goethe's first major scientific work, the Metamorphoses of Plants , was published after his return from a tour of Italy in 1788 .
In 1791 he was appointed managing director of the Weimar theatre , and in 1794 he became friendly with the
During this period, Goethe published his second novel, The Apprenticeship of Wilhelm Meister ; the epic in verse Hermann and Dorothea , and, in 1808, the first part of his most famous drama, Fausto. Their conversations and various undertakings shared throughout from the 1790s with Schiller, Johann Gottlieb Fichte , Johann Gottfried Herder , Alexander von Humboldt ,
The German philosopher Arthur Schopenhauer named
As a curiosity, comment that Goethe's comments and observations form the basis of several biographical works, in particular the Conversations with Goethe of Johann Peter Eckermann (1836)