December 23, 1790, born in Figéac, France, Jean François Champollion, Egyptologist

On this day (December 23), 1790, Jean François Champollion, Egyptologist, was born in Figéac, France.
Partially raised by his brother, the noted scholar Jacques Joseph Champollion-Figeac , Champollion was a child prodigy in philology, giving his first public paper on the deciphering of the demotic in his teens. As a young man he was recognized in scientific circles and spoke Coptic , Ancient Greek , Latin , Hebrew y arabic .
At the beginning of the 19th century, French culture experienced a period of "Egyptomania", caused by Napoleon's discoveries in Egypt during his campaign there (1798-1801), which also brought to light the Rosetta Stone trilingual.
The Rosetta Stone is a stele of Granodiorite inscribed with three versions of a decree issued in Memphis, Egypt, in 196 BC. C. during the Ptolemaic dynasty on behalf of King Ptolemy V Epiphanes. The upper and middle texts are in Ancient Egyptian using hieroglyphic and demotic scripts respectively, while the lower part is in Ancient Greek. The decree has only minor differences between the three versions, making the Rosetta Stone a key to deciphering Egyptian scriptures.
Scholars debated the age of Egyptian civilization and the function and nature of hieroglyphic writing, which language it recorded, if any. there was, and the degree to which the signs were phonetic (representing speech sounds) or ideographic.(recording concepts semantics directly).
The importance of Champollion's decryption was that it showed that these assumptions were incorrect and made it possible to begin to recover many types of information recorded by the ancient Egyptians.
As a curiosity, to comment that during his life, as well as long after his death, intense discussions took place between Egyptologists on the merits of its decipherment.
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- what are you doing?
- I'm trying to decipher these hieroglyphs from Egypt
- how interesting
- I'm a bit stuck
- let's see...
- do you know something?
- I think it's easy
- Huh? yes?
- let's see... the beetle here could be an adjective...
- oh!
- here I see that the ship is in front of an owl
- yes, yes
- and I see that it ends with a final sun
- well this means; "the pharaoh built a temple in the winter time"
- huh? Yes?????
- no, man, no, I just made it up
- not funny
- hahahahahaha

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