On this day (February 19), 1473, Nicolaus Copernicus was born, he was a mathematician, astronomer, jurist, physicist, Catholic cleric, governor, diplomat and economist.
Nicolas Copernicus is considered the father of modern astronomy and the origin of the scientific revolution. He was the first to show that the Earth revolves around the Sun contrary to what was thought in his time that the Earth was the center of the universe.
Copernicus was educated by his uncle (prince and bishop) when his parents died at the age of 10. In the year 1491 he managed to enter the University of Krakow to study humanities. After 5 years in Humanities he went to the University of Bologna where he studied Canon Law, Medicine, Greek and Philosophy as well as working as an assistant to the astronomer Domenico de Novara.
Astronomy seduced him and in the year 1500 he went to Rome to study "science and astronomy". He then traveled to Padua and Ferrara where he obtained a doctorate in Canon Law at the University of Ferrera.
Back in his country of Poland, Nicolaus Copernicus worked in various administrative areas of the Church. Meanwhile, he combined these jobs with astronomy research.
His astronomical investigations of him led him to refute the theory of the astronomer Claudius Ptolemy. Ptolemy theorized that the Earth was the center of the Universe and that the other planets revolved around it (the so-called geocentric theory). Copernicus worked on a theory that the Earth revolved around the sun (heliocentric theory).
The heliocentric theory that Copernicus worked on was first proposed by the Greek mathematician Aristarchus of Samos in the 3rd century BC. but he did not have much support at the time. Copernicus, from his observations, believed that the heliocentric theory was correct.
The heliocentric theory went against the dominant theory at the time and was accepted by the Church with which it could have conflicts. That is why his first work "Comentariolus" in 1514 of 40 pages was published anonymously.
In 1531 Copernicus finishes his masterpiece; "On the turns of the celestial works" which consisted of 6 books. In it he exposes all the heliocentric theory supported by formulas, demonstrations, investigations, calculations,... This work would take 12 years to be published due to his fear of the Church's response.
As a curiosity, mention that the work "On the turns of the celestial works" was finally published in 1543, just three days before his death.
- what are you doing Copernicus?
- I am calculating the Earth's orbit around the Sun
- What a brute you are
- Everyone knows that it is the Sun that revolves around the Earth
- and what do you base your argument on?
- because it has always been said like this
- and can't change?
- even Aristotle says so!
- so what if Aristotle says so?
- We have to see who has more prestige, Aristotle or your Copernicus
- No, we have to see who has the truth