On January 15, 1892, physical education teacher James Naismith publishes the rules of this universal sport.

On this day (January 15), 1892, physical education teacher James Naismith, who is considered the inventor of basketball, published the rules of this universal sport.
James Naismith was born on November 6, 1861, and was a Canadian-American physical educator , physician, chaplain Christian, sports coach and inventor of basketball.
After completing the YMCA Physical Director training program that had brought him to Springfield, Naismith was hired as a full-time faculty member in 1891.
Under orders from Dr. Luther Gulick , director of physical education there, Naismith was given 14 days to create an indoor game that would provide an "athletic distraction"; Gulick demanded that it wouldn't take up much space, could help his track athletes stay in shape , and explicitly emphasized "making it fair to all players and not too rough around the edges."
In his attempt to come up with a new game, Naismith was guided by three main thoughts. First, he analyzed the most popular games of that time (rugby, lacrosse, football, soccer, hockey and baseball); Naismith noted the dangers of a ball and concluded that the large, soft soccer ball was the safest.
Second, he saw that most physical contact occurred while he was running, dribbling or hitting the ball, so he decided passing was the only legal option.
Finally, Naismith further reduced body contact by making the goal undefendable by placing it high above the player's head with the plane of the opening of the goal parallel to the ground.
As a curiosity to mention that Naismith invented the game of basketball and wrote the 13 original rules of this sport; for comparison, today's NBA rulebook is 66 pages long.
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- Take
- a ball?
- and what do you want me to do with this ball?
- play a new sport
- oh, and now?
- you have to bounce the ball
- ok, so?
- and put it in that basket
- in that top basket?
- but that's way up there
- can't you put it lower?
- why?
- for you to jump
- I don't want to jump
- then pass it on to someone else
- isn't that exciting?
- if you say so

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