Charles Lyell, considered the father of modern geology, was born on November 14, 1797 in Kinnordy, Scotland.

On this day (November 14), 1797, Charles Lyell, considered the father of modern geology (along with James Hutton), was born in Kinnordy, Scotland.
Lyell entered Exeter College, Oxford , in 1816, and attended the geology lectures of William Buckland . He graduated in December 1819, earning his master's degree in 1821. After graduation, he took up law as a profession, entering Lincoln's Inn in 1820. He completed a circuit of rural England, where he was able to observe geological phenomena. In 1821 he attended the lectures of Robert Jameson in Edinburgh and visited Gideon Mantell in Lewes , Sussex .
In 1823 he was elected joint secretary of the Geological Society. . When his eyesight began to deteriorate, he took up geology as a full-time profession. His first paper, "On a Recent Freshwater Limestone Formation in Forfarshire," was submitted in 1822.
By 1827, he had abandoned the law and embarked on a geological career that would result in fame and the general acceptance of uniformitarianism, an elaboration of the ideas proposed by James Hutton a few decades earlier.
His scientific contributions were several;
1) Uniformity . From 1830 to 1833 published his Principles of Geology in several volumes . The subtitle of the work was "An Attempt to Explain Earlier Changes of the Earth's Surface by reference to causes now at work", and this explains Lyell's impact on science.
2) Geological studies. Lyell noted the "economic advantages" that geological surveys could provide, citing his happiness in mineral-rich countries and provinces.
3)Volcanoes and geological dynamics . Before Lyell's work, phenomena such as earthquakes were understood for the destruction they brought. One of Lyell's contributions in Principles was to explain the cause of earthquakes.
4) Stratigraphy and human history . Lyell was a key figure in establishing the classification of the most recent geological deposits, long known as the period Tertiary .
5) Glaciers . In Principles of Geology (first edition, vol. 3, chap. 2, 1833) Lyell proposed that icebergs could be the means of transport for erratics .
As a curiosity, today some of Lyell's mechanisms for geological processes have been disproved, although many have stood the test of time. His methods of observation and his general analytical framework are still used today as fundamental principles of geology.
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- Look!
- what?
- that piedar!
- oh! a stone!
- what a rock!
- are you kidding me?
- no, why?
- how do you hallucinate from a stone?
- it's a special stone
- why is it brown?
- no, because I think it has a lot of history
- I'm surprised
- don't you see?
- I only see a stone that if thrown at my head will do a lot of damage
- why don't you look at her fondly
- do you look at the stone fondly?
- with much love
- you should go to a psychologist
- and you should change your vision

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