June 14, 1726, James Hutton, geologist, physician, naturalist, chemist, and experimental farmer, was born in Edinburgh.

On this day (June 14), 1726, James Hutton, geologist, physician, naturalist, chemist and experimental farmer, was born in Edinburgh.
According to the Julian calendar still in use in Scotland at the time, James Hutton was born on June 3, 1726.
he was educated at High School of Edinburgh . C hen he was 14 years old, he attended University of Edinburgh as a "humanities student". He at he was 17 years old, but he was more interested in chemical experiments than in legal work. He obtained the degree of Doctor of Medicine from the University of Leiden in 1749 with a thesis on blood circulation.
Working on the family farm, he began to innovate and recorded his ideas and innovations in an unpublished treatise on The elements of agriculture . At that time he became interested in meteorology and geology.
His theoretical ideas began to come together in 1760. After some 25 years of work, his Theory of the Earth; or An Inquiry into the Observable Laws in the Composition, Dissolution, and Restoration of Earths on the Globe was read at the meetings of the Edinburgh Royal Society in two parts.

In it, he outlined his theory as follows:

The solid parts of the earth today seem, in general, to have been composed of the productions of the sea and of other materials similar to those now found on the coasts. Hence Let's find reasons to conclude:

1º, That the land on which we rest is not simple and original, but rather a composition, and has been formed by the operation of second causes.
2. That before the current earth was made, there had subsisted a world composed of sea and land, in which there were tides and currents, with operations in the bottom of the sea such as those that now take place. And, by
last, that while the current land was forming at the bottom of the ocean, the previous land supported plants and animals; at least the sea was then inhabited by animals, much as it is now.
Thus, we are led to the conclusion that most, if not all, of our land had been produced by natural operations of this globe; but that in order to make this land a permanent body, resisting the operations of the waters, two things had been required;
1st, The consolidation of masses formed by collections of loose or inconsistent materials;

2nd, the elevation of these consolidated masses from the bottom of the sea, where they were collected, to the stations in which they are now above the level of the ocean.

Out of curiosity, his new theories placed him in opposition to Abraham Gottlob Werner's then-popular neptunist theories, that all rocks had fallen from a single huge flood.
-------------------------------------------- -------------------------------------------------
- what are you doing James?
- studying some rocks
- how boring
- you really are boring
- I can sing
- and?
- can rocks sing?
- rocks can tell very important things about history
- but they don't sing
- no need
- .. the donut is mobileeeeeee!...
- shut up!
- .... what a piuma to the wind!...
- shut up! here!
- okay! okay! ... I'll shut up... but don't throw any more stones at me...

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