Sexology is the science that studies sex and human sexuality. It is considered a branch of psychology, since it studies sexual behavior and its consequences for the mental health of the individual.
In a broader sense, sexology studies sexuality through various approaches, such as physiological, anatomical, social and cultural, among others, with which it draws on other disciplines in a holistic and integrative vision .
Origins of sexology
Sexuality as an object of study has its beginnings at the end of the 19th century, when scientists and scholars of human behavior began to deal with the problems of human sexual behavior, mainly from the biological and anatomical point of view. p>
In its beginnings, sexology was dedicated to analyzing those sexual behaviors considered as deviations or pathologies, since at that time it was a discipline strongly influenced by the dominant morality of the time.
Entering the 20th century, sexology began to consolidate itself as a behavioral science, carrying out more in-depth research on the psychological and emotional implications that this area of behavior has on human beings.
Main representatives in the world
Throughout history there have been many researchers and scientists who have contributed new theories with their studies, signifying important advances in the development of sexology.
Among the first, it is worth mentioning the English doctor and professor Havelock Ellis, whose works were among the first to address issues of human sexuality, at the end of the 19th century. The German researcher Magnus Hirschfeld, at this same time, developed the so-called Theory of Intersexuality, and was a pioneer in activism for homosexual rights.
In the 1940s, the American researcher Alfred Kinsey published his research, known as "The Kinsey Reports", in which he collected data on sexuality among the American population. p>
In the 1960s and 1970s, gynecologist William Masters and sexologist Virginia Johnson jointly published their research in the book "The Human Sexual Response," which is considered a seminal work on the subject.
One of the practical applications of sexology, aimed at treating conflicts and specific sexual problems, is called sexual therapy, a method that includes psychological and therapeutic techniques for diagnosis and treatment.
Through therapy, cases are treated individually and as a couple, and treatments are provided against pathologies such as sexual dysfunction, premature ejaculation, anorgasmia and others, which prevent the healthy exercise of sexual function.
What are the functions of the sexologist?
The sexologist is the professional with medical or psychological training that diagnoses, evaluates and prescribes adequate treatments for different problems or conflicts in sexual behavior that can present individuals and couples. P>
Although the career of sexologist does not exist as such, many professionals in medicine, clinical psychology and psychiatry specialize in the area through postgraduate studies in their respective careers.
The sexologist also usually collaborates in the area of education, information and dissemination of knowledge about sexuality.In this sense, their work is linked to that of specialists in education, with the aim of achieving effective prevention of sexual problems, especially among children and adolescents
With the advancement of research by specialists in different branches, sexology has become a highly effective discipline in the treatment of sexual behavior problems in people of any age and condition.
As knowledge and experience in this area of knowledge increase, disorders of sexual origin have a greater possibility of being successfully and effectively overcome by those who suffer from them.