What distinguishes us from the irrationality of animals is what we could call human knowledge, what we know about things through natural discourse, or in other words, the light of reason: human intelligence. p>
It refers to what "illuminates" us with knowledge, allowing us to know who we are, allowing us to give ourselves an accurate perspective of the world around us, and the relationship we have with it and with our peers.
Know the light of reason
These terms "Enlightenment", "and "Enlightenment" correspond to the light of reason, since in its progress, it illuminates society based on knowledge, science, and knowledge in general.
The enlightened had a lofty claim: to overcome a dark and shadowy past, thanks to the light of knowledge and reason, opposed to the blind word of God and absolute respect for biblical authority.
In ancient times, man was naturally much less rational, religious and mythological, so the actions of humanity were more related to the emotional, but humanity, as the Middle Ages passed, came out of that obscurantism again, so that reason came to illuminate the earth again.
What was the Enlightenment?
For centuries, a metaphor has been present in the cultural history of humanity that will identify knowledge -and reason derived from it- with a light that sheds light on the human mind, thus clarifying understanding.
It covers the profane sciences to reason, from matters of taste to metaphysics, from music to morality, all this and more is covered by knowledge, illustration.
The originality of the illustration movement was its assessment and its way of thinking, since it was a cultural and intellectual revolution, initially generated in Europe, and born in the mid-eighteenth century.
It precisely inspired profound cultural and social changes, and one of the most important and drastic was the French Revolution.
Until the French Revolution
This movement lasted until the early years of the 19th century and was most active in England, France and Germany. There was also an important Hispanic and Spanish Enlightenment known as the Universalist School, but more than politics, it was more inclined to science and the humanities.
For this reason the eighteenth century is known as the Age of Enlightenment, and the time of faith in the progress of thought and the birth of important ideas, such as the pursuit of happiness, the evidence of the senses , or the sovereignty of reason, all as primary sources of learning.
The separation between State and church also had its birth in this period and the birth of ideals such as freedom, progress, and fraternity.
A better world
Men of acute thought in this period of the Enlightenment understood that human knowledge would combat ignorance, superstition and tyranny in order to build a better world.
Its purpose was to spread that thought in the population and spread it through the men of thinkers and writers who devised novel ways of understanding reality and life.
The importance of the Enlightenment in the light of reason is projected in the great influence on all scientific, economic, political and social thought and aspects.
At that time, it was possible to expand through the media, such as newspapers, books and meetings, in which intellectuals and politicians participated in order to debate and discuss politics, science, economics, laws , sociology, literature or philosophy.
Thus, the light of reason was enriching the mind of humanity by its focus on the scientific method, its ability to divide systems and problems into their components in order to find a solution to the great universal diatribes of humanity and thus better understand how it works