The term coronavirus has been of great relevance in the last 2 years, which even caused a major global pandemic. Now, it is vitally important that you are able to recognize the disease, as well as the possible complications.
At the same time, it is good to mention that it is not a single common virus, but a family called coronavirus, as well as the various variants that have emerged during this time.
What does the word coronavirus mean?
The word coronavirus means “solar corona”, because of the appearance of the virus when viewed under a microscope.
Now, the coronavirus family is a group of viruses that cause discomfort in the upper and lower respiratory tract. For this reason, people begin to present respiratory symptoms, such as coughing, sneezing, loss of sense of smell and taste, among others.
What is important to note is that these viruses did not appear recently with the last pandemic, since these viruses existed and are described in the medical literature.
The difference between these viruses from years past and those currently circulating is that they are a new variant that is much more transmissible and dangerous.
On the other hand, some of these viruses can cause mild respiratory symptoms, that is, the clinical picture may be more bearable in patients.
Despite this truth, other viruses in this family may be responsible for more severe symptoms that warrant immediate medical attention. Some of these complications is an acute respiratory syndrome.
What is the difference between SARS-CoV-2 and COVID-19?
Basically, SARS-CoV-2 is the pathogenic microorganism, while COVID-19 is the disease itself. In general terms, COVID-19 is the clinical manifestation caused by the virus.
The most common symptoms are those of a common cold. Also, gastrointestinal problems such as liquid bowel movements and abdominal pain can be associated.
Added to this, the disease is highly contagious. For this reason, prevention measures must be implemented, such as continuous hand washing, avoiding exposing yourself in crowded places, keeping your distance, putting on a face mask, among others.
Vaccine against COVID-19
The vaccines against COVID-19 that belong to international pharmaceutical companies have already been tested.
Moreover, currently, most countries have immunity against the virus, but there is still a large population at risk and due to ignorance they have not decided to get a vaccine against COVID-19.
In the first instance, a vaccine is a medication whose function is to alert your immune system to the presence of a microorganism.
This way, when your body is exposed to the pathogen, it will have antibodies that will allow it to defend itself.
The recommendation is that you know the informative bulletins of the scientific societies of your country, so you will know which are the vaccines approved by the international institutions.
In addition, you should know the following aspects of a COVID-19 vaccine:
The safety of applying the vaccine
The possible symptoms that you may present after the administration of the vaccine
Importance of the vaccine
Protection provided by vaccines against the virus and its variants
Populations at risk