The word Ad hominem is one of those that, as a concept, is constantly presented to you in various moments of daily life.
Beyond the meaning per se of the word Ad hominem, this is a term that is given to certain types of things, such as arguments to identify or notify that the nature of the opinion, action or act are directed towards a person.
So so that you can understand better and in a more precise way when and in what kind of situations you can describe something like Ad hominem, we are going to explain the exact meaning of this same word below.
Ad hominem is made up of a total of 2 terms that come from classical Latin, which are the suffix "Ad" which essentially means did and the accusative singular "Hominem" which means man, so Ad hominem means as such towards the man, the man, the person or the subject.
As we have been saying before, something ad hominem is an act or opinion that is directed solely and exclusively at the person. Thus ignoring the rest of the factors that are being treated at the moment. This is usually done with the idea of confusing or trying to convince the other person with whom we are talking or debating about something.
Examples of Ad hominem
The ad hominem can be found mainly in everyday conversations to attack a person and not his argument. So it is quite common that we come across ad hominem arguments during conversations, debates or discussions.
A very simple example of what an Ad hominem argument is, is when during an argument, for example, that you are with your family and today it is your brother or sister's turn to clean, wash the dishes and utensils that were used to eat, but your brother does not want to do it, so you are going to argue with him why he should do it and he gives you an answer in which he explains that he is not going to do it because you do not know how to clean or because you are bad.
At the end of the day, ad hominem arguments are nothing more than fallacies in which an attempt is made to discredit the value of a person's thesis by pointing out negative, unwanted, undervalued or questionable characteristics of the person as such. and not of the thesis that he presented.
The fundamental structure of the Ad hominem is something like: One person introduces A, Another person points out that the first person did something wrong or a negative characteristic of him, Therefore A turns out to be something questionable.< /p>
As you can see, the Ad hominem is a fallacious argument that can mean that in the worst cases a decent opinion is discarded just because the person who said it dislikes others, since of course discrediting the subject that he presented a thesis does not indicate anything about the truth or falsity of the thesis in question.